Hello All, I've done a ton of research for a simple process to convert my Anime to a IPad friendly format. The results of my research says that converting video to IPad (MP4) format is incredibly easy as there are tons and tons of applications to do it for you. Unfortunately the same cannot be said for video's with subtitles. Generally when you convert you video (ie. MKV) which have subtitles embedded in them the videos get converted but the subtitles are lost. For those of us who enjoy the fruits of Japanese anime this can be frustrating. So I searched for a method of converting my anime such as Bleach, Naruto and Fairy Tail which are 720p/MKV format videos with embedded subtitles to IPad friendly MP4's. In this my first post at MacRumors I hope to spread the knowledge. The idea here is convert your videos from whatever format they are in to a IPad friendly MP4 format and *burn* in the subtitles. What this will do is permanently embed the subtitle's into the video frames. This means you can't turn them on/off if you wanted to -- they will always be present. Mac Method: 1. Download and Install the FREE software MKVtools here: Link 2. Open MKVTools 3. Click "Open" and select the file you wish to convert. This must be a MKV or OGM format. 4. In the main information window you will see the Video/Audio/Subtitle tracks. Place a check mark beside each one. 5. Below the main information window select "MP4" as the format you want to convert to. 6. Now you will be presented with a few options. I will go over them in detail 6a. You will notice a "Device" option at the right, here you can select "IPad" and the software will automatically set default settings that the IPad will accept. 6b. For the "Video" option you MUST select either H264 (1-pass) or H264 (2-pass). I recommend H264 (1-pass) as it is faster. If you select "Pass Thru" the subtitle burn will not work. 6c. For the "Bit Rate (kbps)" option I recommend 1000 if your video is a 720p. This will most likely be lower then the original but still acceptable. Higher values will increase file size and too high of values will impact performance (stuttering). I've gone up to 1500 and had no problems but lean towards 1000 to keep the file size low. If the application puts in something lower then 1000 then stick with it - it means your original was lower then 1000. 6d. For the "fps" option I recommend selecting whatever FPS the original video runs at. You may need to obtain this information from looking at the properties of the original video in iTunes or some other video software you have. In my case all my Anime is recorded at 23.976. In any case the default value already here will be OK. 6e. For the "Resolution (pixel width)" option I recommend selecting the original pixel width of your video to a max of 1280. Also, never select a pixel width which is LARGER then your original video. This will deform your video and give you black bars. 6f. For the "Audio" option you can select "Pass Thru" if you don't mind keeping the same quality audio as the original video file. However if you want to lower the size i suggest "AAC (2 Ch.)". If you listen to your videos via IPad speakers it will sound no different using this selection and save you a bit on the file size. 6g. For the "Subtitles" option select "Burn" this is the option that will embed the subtitles into your video. 7. Click "Convert" 8. Go make a sandwich. 9. When it is complete go to the folder of the original video and look for the new file created which will have the same name but end in ".MP4". IE. the file name Bleach-297.mkv will be called Bleach-297.mkv.mp4. 10. Add this file to your iTunes and 'Get Info' on it to change the details (ie. TV Show -- Name -- Episode -- etc.) 11. Sync and enjoy! Windows Method I am still working on this method. I've got it working with converting and burning the subtitles but the audio isn't syncing up to the video in all my attempts. The program I am using is Avidemux and MVKtoolnix (to extract the subtitles). I need to tweak some settings to figure it out before I post a method. I hope someone finds this useful. And please! If you know of other methods please share.