Some definitions.

Discussion in 'Politics, Religion, Social Issues' started by mischief, Aug 27, 2004.

  1. mischief macrumors 68030

    mischief

    Joined:
    Aug 1, 2001
    Location:
    Santa Cruz Ca
    #1
    Definitions from Miriamwebster.com

    Poverty:
    Function: noun
    Usage: often attributive
    Etymology: Middle English poverte, from Old French poverté, from Latin paupertat-, paupertas, from pauper poor -- more at POOR
    1 a : the state of one who lacks a usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessions.

    Poverty Line:
    Main Entry: poverty line
    Function: noun
    : a level of personal or family income below which one is classified as poor according to governmental standards -- called also poverty level.

    Liberal:
    Function: adjective
    Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French, from Latin liberalis suitable for a freeman, generous, from liber free; perhaps akin to Old English lEodan to grow, Greek eleutheros free
    1 a : of, relating to, or based on the liberal arts <liberal education>
    2 a : marked by generosity : OPENHANDED <a liberal giver> b : given or provided in a generous and openhanded way <a liberal meal> c : AMPLE, FULL
    3 obsolete : lacking moral restraint : LICENTIOUS
    4 : not literal or strict : LOOSE <a liberal translation>
    5 : BROAD-MINDED; especially : not bound by authoritarianism, orthodoxy, or traditional forms
    6 a : of, favoring, or based upon the principles of liberalism b capitalized : of or constituting a political party advocating or associated with the principles of political liberalism; especially : of or constituting a political party in the United Kingdom associated with ideals of individual especially economic freedom, greater individual participation in government, and constitutional, political, and administrative reforms designed to secure these objectives

    Conservative:
    Function: adjective
    1 : PRESERVATIVE
    2 a : of or relating to a philosophy of conservatism b capitalized : of or constituting a political party professing the principles of conservatism : as (1) : of or constituting a party of the United Kingdom advocating support of established institutions (2) : PROGRESSIVE CONSERVATIVE
    3 a : tending or disposed to maintain existing views, conditions, or institutions : TRADITIONAL b : marked by moderation or caution <a conservative estimate> c : marked by or relating to traditional norms of taste, elegance, style, or manners <a conservative suit>
    4 : of or relating to Conservative Judaism

    Democracy:
    Function: noun
    Inflected Form(s): plural -cies
    Etymology: Middle French democratie, from Late Latin democratia, from Greek dEmokratia, from dEmos + -kratia -cracy
    1 a : government by the people; especially : rule of the majority b : a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections
    2 : a political unit that has a democratic government
    3 capitalized : the principles and policies of the Democratic party in the U.S.
    4 : the common people especially when constituting the source of political authority
    5 : the absence of hereditary or arbitrary class distinctions or privileges

    Fascism:
    Function: noun
    Etymology: Italian fascismo, from fascio bundle, fasces, group, from Latin fascis bundle & fasces fasces
    1 often capitalized : a political philosophy, movement, or regime (as that of the Fascisti) that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition
    2 : a tendency toward or actual exercise of strong autocratic or dictatorial control <early instances of army fascism and brutality -- J. W. Aldridge>

    Socialism:
    Function: noun
    1 : any of various economic and political theories advocating collective or governmental ownership and administration of the means of production and distribution of goods
    2 a : a system of society or group living in which there is no private property b : a system or condition of society in which the means of production are owned and controlled by the state
    3 : a stage of society in Marxist theory transitional between capitalism and communism and distinguished by unequal distribution of goods and pay according to work done

    Communism:
    Function: noun
    Etymology: French communisme, from commun common
    1 a : a theory advocating elimination of private property b : a system in which goods are owned in common and are available to all as needed
    2 capitalized a : a doctrine based on revolutionary Marxian socialism and Marxism-Leninism that was the official ideology of the U.S.S.R. b : a totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production c : a final stage of society in Marxist theory in which the state has withered away and economic goods are distributed equitably d : communist systems collectively

    Republic:
    Function: noun
    Etymology: French république, from Middle French republique, from Latin respublica, from res thing, wealth + publica, feminine of publicus public -- more at REAL, PUBLIC
    1 a (1) : a government having a chief of state who is not a monarch and who in modern times is usually a president (2) : a political unit (as a nation) having such a form of government b (1) : a government in which supreme power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by elected officers and representatives responsible to them and governing according to law (2) : a political unit (as a nation) having such a form of government c : a usually specified republican government of a political unit <the French Fourth Republic>

    Democrat:
    Function: noun
    1 a : an adherent of democracy b : one who practices social equality
    2 capitalized : a member of the Democratic party of the U.S.

    Republican:
    Function: noun
    1 : one that favors or supports a republican form of government
    2 capitalized a : a member of a political party advocating republicanism b : a member of the Democratic-Republican party or of the Republican party of the U.S.

    Social Democrat:
    Main Entry: social democracy
    Function: noun
    : a political movement advocating a gradual and peaceful transition from capitalism to socialism by democratic means
    - social democrat noun
    - social democratic adjective

    Democratic Republican:
    Main Entry: Democratic-Republican
    Function: adjective
    : of or relating to a major American political party of the early 19th century favoring a strict interpretation of the constitution to restrict the powers of the federal government and emphasizing states' rights

    Libertarian:
    Function: noun
    1 : an advocate of the doctrine of free will
    2 a : a person who upholds the principles of absolute and unrestricted liberty especially of thought and action b capitalized : a member of a political party advocating libertarian principles

    Patriot:
    Function: noun
    Etymology: Middle French patriote compatriot, from Late Latin patriota, from Greek patriOtEs, from patria lineage, from patr-, patEr father
    : one who loves his or her country and supports its authority and interests

    Compassion:
    Function: noun
    Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French or Late Latin; Middle French, from Late Latin compassion-, compassio, from compati to sympathize, from Latin com- + pati to bear, suffer -- more at PATIENT
    : sympathetic consciousness of others' distress together with a desire to alleviate it


    Oligarchy:
    Function: noun
    Inflected Form(s): plural -chies
    1 : government by the few
    2 : a government in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes; also : a group exercising such control
    3 : an organization under oligarchic control

    Divine Right:
    Main Entry: divine right
    Function: noun
    : the right of a sovereign to rule as set forth by the theory of government that holds that a monarch receives the right to rule directly from God and not from the people

    Manifest Destiny:
    Function: noun
    Usage: often capitalized M&D
    : a future event accepted as inevitable <in the mid-19th century expansion to the Pacific was regarded as the Manifest Destiny of the United States>; broadly : an ostensibly benevolent or necessary policy of imperialistic expansion

    Jingoism:
    Function: noun
    : extreme chauvinism or nationalism marked especially by a belligerent foreign policy

    Terrorism:
    Function: noun
    : the systematic use of terror especially as a means of coercion


    Propoganda:
    Function: noun
    Etymology: New Latin, from Congregatio de propaganda fide Congregation for propagating the faith, organization established by Pope Gregory XV died 1623
    1 capitalized : a congregation of the Roman curia having jurisdiction over missionary territories and related institutions
    2 : the spreading of ideas, information, or rumor for the purpose of helping or injuring an institution, a cause, or a person
    3 : ideas, facts, or allegations spread deliberately to further one's cause or to damage an opposing cause; also : a public action having such an effect

    Conspiracy:
    Function: noun
    Inflected Form(s): plural -cies
    Etymology: Middle English conspiracie, from Latin conspirare
    1 : the act of conspiring together
    2 a : an agreement among conspirators b : a group of conspirators

    Link to the Constitution's history and subsequent links to the text thereof.
    http://education.yahoo.com/reference/encyclopedia/entry?id=11484

    Link to the Founding Father's Bios:
    http://www.colonialhall.com/biography.php

    Hopefully this can be used, discussed and added to without further foolishness.
     
  2. wordmunger macrumors 603

    wordmunger

    Joined:
    Sep 3, 2003
    Location:
    North Carolina
    #2
    Wow! I never knew you could get to Merriam Webster Online by typing "miriamwebster.com". Very cool!

    FYI, m-w.com also works. ;)
     
  3. kuyu macrumors 6502a

    kuyu

    Joined:
    Sep 16, 2003
    Location:
    Louisville
    #3
    Mischeif, I'm assuming this is the thread you alluded to the Kerry thread.

    If I'm reading you correctly, you seem to be asserting that political, economic, and social ideals/philosophy are being mixed together. I agree. I tend to blend the three in some attempt to create for myself a "blanket ideology" that encompasses my entire range of beliefs and ideals. The problem, however, is that philosophy in any arena (let alone three) is highly complicated and prone to false logic, such as forgone conclusions. Thus, being able to consider only one fact or piece of the puzzle at a time, we are generally drawn to "run with" whatever is hot on our minds.

    This effect, coupled with human beings innate need for self-gratification leads to aloofness and, in our specific case, zealots. That's why partisan news organizations thrive in our day and age. I would venture to say that none of us are familiar with more than 3 different ideologies on a critical level. We, myself included, tend to opt out of real research and knowledge for talking points, news tickers, and catchy slogans.

    Our great forefathers, rather than watching countless hours of mind-numbing television, actually read books. Lots of them. As an aside, they tended to be better equiped to form a coherent argument based on a multitude of sources and ideologies instead of inventing one-liners and bumper sticker quotables.

    The answer: I wish I knew. Maybe more books, less TV. More research, less op-ed. Perhaps we could preface new threads in the political forum with a tag that could help identify the particular area of thought the thread is meant to pursue? For instance, my thread about the Kerry-Iraq thing could have the prefix "Opinion".

    Thoughts???
     
  4. mischief thread starter macrumors 68030

    mischief

    Joined:
    Aug 1, 2001
    Location:
    Santa Cruz Ca
    #4
    A wonderful post for this discussion

    That's precisely my reasoning in putting this all in a thread. There are a lot of terms being misused.

    I don't watch much TV anymore and read more than I used to... I use the 'net to research the things I can't afford books on. Unfortunately there are a lot of folks who don't realize that op/ed is a poor choice for the basis of a position or arguement without further research into the sources of Data and the definitions of terms used.
     
  5. IJ Reilly macrumors P6

    IJ Reilly

    Joined:
    Jul 16, 2002
    Location:
    Palookaville
    #5
    On purpose. Hijack the language and you can control the debate. See: propaganda.
     
  6. mischief thread starter macrumors 68030

    mischief

    Joined:
    Aug 1, 2001
    Location:
    Santa Cruz Ca
    #6
    " Control Language and you control Thought. The quality of our thoughts can only be as good as the quality of our Language; being that we Think in Language."

    -George Carlin

    The rest of that Rant is quite interesting too....
     
  7. IJ Reilly macrumors P6

    IJ Reilly

    Joined:
    Jul 16, 2002
    Location:
    Palookaville
    #7
    At the request of Mischief, another essential definition:

    Bokononism
    Bokononism is the fictional religion practiced by many of the characters in Kurt Vonnegut's novel Cat's Cradle.

    It is based on living by the untruths that make one happy. Bokononistic sex is a union of two souls achieved by placing the soles of two people's feet together.

    Bokonon is the founder of the religion. His true name was Lionel Boyd Johnson (Bokonon was the way to say "Johnson" in the language of San Lorenzo.)

    All of the true things that I am about to tell you are shameless lies. -- Bokonon

    See also Wampeters, Foma, and Granfalloons.​
     
  8. zimv20 macrumors 601

    zimv20

    Joined:
    Jul 18, 2002
    Location:
    toronto
    #8
    imo, the answer is curiosity.
     
  9. blackfox macrumors 65816

    blackfox

    Joined:
    Feb 18, 2003
    Location:
    PDX
    #9
    Veering way off-topic, but the above line reminds me of Orson Welles "F is for Fake"...perhaps my 2nd favorite movie ever...all about lies, deception, trickery and fakes...great movie....
     
  10. mischief thread starter macrumors 68030

    mischief

    Joined:
    Aug 1, 2001
    Location:
    Santa Cruz Ca
    #10
    Yowza... this goes much further than any reasonably simple Jargon:

    http://www.kcoyle.net/granfalloons.html
     
  11. IJ Reilly macrumors P6

    IJ Reilly

    Joined:
    Jul 16, 2002
    Location:
    Palookaville
    #11
    Remarkable, isn't it? I went through a period in my 20s when I read nearly everything he wrote up to that point. "Cat's Cradle" is an essential read, along with "Slaughterhouse Five." Vonnegut manages to be dark and cynical and fatalistic and very funny at the same time. I remember what he said once about his chain smoking -- that it was the socially acceptable way of committing suicide.
     
  12. skunk macrumors G4

    skunk

    Joined:
    Jun 29, 2002
    Location:
    Republic of Ukistan
    #12
    I've GOT to ask... :D
     
  13. mischief thread starter macrumors 68030

    mischief

    Joined:
    Aug 1, 2001
    Location:
    Santa Cruz Ca
    #13
    A few more...

    Dubyaw has used the terms "thugs" and "assassins" to describe Islamist Extremists. let's have a look...

    Thug: (Britannica.com) Hindi thag , Sanskrit sthaga (“thief,” “rogue”) member of a well-organized confederacy of professional assassins who traveled in gangs throughout India for several hundred years. (The earliest authenticated mention of the thugs is found in Ziya'-ud-Din Barani, History of Firuz Shah, dated about 1356.) The thugs would insinuate themselves into the confidence of wayfarers and, when a favourable opportunity presented itself, … (the rest of the article is available to subscribers)

    Assassin:(miriamwebster.com) Function: noun
    Etymology: Medieval Latin assassinus, from Arabic hashshAshIn, plural of hashshAsh one who smokes or chews hashish, from hashIsh hashish
    1 capitalized : one of a secret order of Muslims that at the time of the Crusades terrorized Christians and other enemies by secret murder committed under the influence of hashish
    2 : a person who commits murder; especially : one who murders a politically important person either for hire or from fanatical motives

    Hmm... Perhaps a background in Hash smoking explains my anti-establishment views. :eek: :D :rolleyes:
     

Share This Page