Imagine you are a huge Chicago Cubs fan. Basking in the glow and excitement of winning the 2016 World Series. Congratulations! But say, in the off-season, one of the star players is arrested for domestic violence. It's not "fake news" if the New York Times reports that story. Spring training is over. The Cubs get off to a good start, winning five of their first seven games. But then they go on a six-game losing streak. It's not "fake news" if The Los Angeles Times publishes Division standings, showing the Cubs with a 5-8 record. The same newspapers that reported the Cubs victories, also report on their losses. That's the way real journalism is done. You might not like to hear about your team's losses, their mistakes, and disappointments - but just you don't like the news, doesn't make it "fake." What IS "fake news"? Some website you've never heard of publishes a (totally fabricated) story about a Yankee player being arrested for drug possession. One they hope you'll click on, and share with all your friends so that the story goes "viral" and they can make money off advertising clicks. Sports journalism is perhaps a little more "cut and dried" than political journalism. Each game ends with a score, according to mutually agreed upon rules. Politics is perhaps a bit more complicated, and it's sometimes harder to see how decisions and policies play out in the real world. Tax and spending bills often rely on economic and government statistics and analysis to give us any idea if the policy was a good one or not. Sometimes the results of policies take months or years to play out. But that still doesn't make it "fake news" to report results that you disagree with. What makes if "fake news" is deliberate intention of reporting provably false information.