A common point is that a living wage should allow a person to live a normal standard of life. I have seen some people argue that the minimum wage should equal a living wage. That may be workable in some areas and under certain circumstances if your employee is a single person that will never have children. Bernie's big fight is that people should receive a living wage. If that were the case, wages would be all over the board. The great minds at ESRI and MIT would cause havoc if minimum and living wages were chained. https://berniesanders.com/issues/a-living-wage/ http://livingwage.mit.edu/counties/36045 http://storymaps.esri.com/stories/2015/living-wage-map/ Could I hire a single woman in Jefferson County at 11.04 an hour. Several months later she gives birth and now for her to maintain a normal standard of life I would be required to either pay her 24.58 (single parent) or 21.14 (2 parents). What happens when there is a divorce or a child dies. Should they be paid less? What about a single parent with 3 children? The genius' at MIT say a living wage is 42.44. Should I refuse to hire her because I own a McDonald's franchise and am hiring for a cashier position. What happens when you can no longer refuse hiring a person based on being a single parent? http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/pub/13-14/bill/sen/sb_0401-0450/sb_404_bill_20130220_introduced.html A CA bill that protects familial status. What does “familial status” mean? SB 404 provides the following definition: "In connection with unlawful employment practices, “familial status” means an individual who provides medical or supervisory care to a family member. For purposes of this subdivision, “family member” means any of the following: (1) A child, as defined in Section 3302 of the Unemployment Insurance Code. (2) A parent, as defined in Section 3302 of the Unemployment Insurance Code. (3) A spouse, which means the partner of a lawful marriage. (4) A domestic partner, as defined in Section 297 of the Family Code. (5) A parent-in-law, which means the parent of a spouse or domestic partner.