The U.S. Constitution in a Nutshell

Discussion in 'Politics, Religion, Social Issues' started by Huntn, Jun 29, 2015.

  1. Huntn, Jun 29, 2015
    Last edited: Jun 30, 2015

    Huntn macrumors G5

    Huntn

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    #1
    Lots of talk in MacRumors about the U.S. Constitution. Here is a quick reference I put together 5 years ago.

    [​IMG]

    Part 1

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    Declaration of Independence- The Charter, Purpose Document, why we were founded. 1400 words.

    U.S. Constitution- By laws, how we will govern ourselves. 4500 words. 4000 of the words describe the three branches of government and how they will operate. 400 words describe the relationship to the States and the process of making amendments. The preamble consists of the first 52 words that state the six core purposes of why the Constitution was written. They define and limit the rest of the document to these six purposes as described in the preamble.

    Declaration of Independence and Constitution are designed to work together.


    Bill of Rights- 10 items that describe citizen rights. Originally 10, more have been added since.

    Preamble of the Constitution
    We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
    Preamble Paraphrased: Connect States, Ensure Justice, Ensure Peace, Provide Defense, Promote General Wellfare, Secure liberty for now and the future. General Welfare- means promote a fair economic playing field for our citizens.

    Comment: No surprises so far?



    Part 2

    __________________________________________________ __________________________________


    3 branches of Government

    1st Branch Congress:
    1. Borrow and Coin money.
    2. Regulate Commerce.
    3. Regulate Immigration
    4. Set up post office and roads.
    5. Create an environment for good commerce.
    6. Maintain Army, Navy, Militias
    7. Declare War
    8. Conduct Impeachments
    9. Oversea District of Colombia.
    10. Make laws limited to the six purposes of the Constitution and these areas.

    2nd Branch Executive Branch (President)
    1. Act as Commander in Chief
    2. Appoint Ambassadors, Judges, and Officers.
    3. Enforce Laws of U.S.
    4. Sign Treaties & recieve ambassadors from other countries.
    5. Grant pardons
    6. Give State of the Union to Congress.

    3rd Branch- Judicial (Supreme Court)
    1. Take appeals from citizens, courts, & states.
    2. Make Principled judgments.
    3. Ensure jury trials.
    4. Uphold Constitution.

    Important Concept: All 3 Branches of the U.S. government are to uphold and interpret the Constitution, not just the Supreme Court. The founding fathers were concerned because Supreme Court justices were appointed for life, there could be Judicial Overreach or Judicial Tyranny.

    Balance of Power over the Court: Congress establishes jurisdiction of the court, what kind of cases they can rule on and congress can impeach judges if they feel they are operating outside of Constitutional bounds.

    Checks and Balances:
    Congress- slightly more powerful than other branches.
    President- powerful in war and keeping the law, otherwise medium power.
    Supreme Court- Mostly used for checks and balances, least powerful.

    Bill of Rights (brief comment in video)
    1. Congress shall make no law respecting the establishment of religion or prohibiting the exercise thereof.
    Also insures Freedom of Speech and Freedom of Press.

    X. Powers not delegated to the United States are reserved for the states respectively or the people.

    Reemphasised: Declaration of Independance and Constitution designed to work together. The Preamble of the Constitution limits what government is able to do.



    Part 3
    __________________________________________________
    Bill of Rights source: Wikipedia and U.S. Constitution Online.

    Theses are the Bill of Rights amendments to the Constitution. (Details after short list)

    *First Amendment – Establishment Clause, Free Exercise Clause; freedom of speech, of the press, and of assembly; right to petition
    *Second Amendment – Militia (United States), Sovereign state, Right to keep and bear arms.
    *Third Amendment – Protection from quartering of troops.
    *Fourth Amendment – Protection from unreasonable search and seizure.
    *Fifth Amendment – due process, double jeopardy, self-incrimination, eminent domain.
    *Sixth Amendment – Trial by jury and rights of the accused; Confrontation Clause, speedy trial, public trial, right to counsel
    *Seventh Amendment – Civil trial by jury.
    *Eighth Amendment – Prohibition of excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment.
    *Ninth Amendment – Protection of rights not specifically enumerated in the Constitution.
    *Tenth Amendment – Powers of States and people.

    * Amendment 11 - Judicial Limits. Ratified 2/7/1795. Note History
    * Amendment 12 - Choosing the President, Vice-President. Ratified 6/15/1804. Note History The Electoral College
    * Amendment 13 - Slavery Abolished. Ratified 12/6/1865. History
    * Amendment 14 - Citizenship Rights. Ratified 7/9/1868. Includes Equal Protection Clause. Note History
    * Amendment 15 - Race No Bar to Vote. Ratified 2/3/1870. History
    *Amendment 16 - Status of Income Tax Clarified. Ratified 2/3/1913. Note History
    * Amendment 17 - Senators Elected by Popular Vote. Ratified 4/8/1913. History
    *Amendment 18 - Liquor Abolished. Ratified 1/16/1919. Repealed by Amendment 21, 12/5/1933. History
    * Amendment 19 - Women's Suffrage. Ratified 8/18/1920. History
    * Amendment 20 - Presidential, Congressional Terms. Ratified 1/23/1933. History
    *Amendment 21 - Amendment 18 Repealed. Ratified 12/5/1933. History
    * Amendment 22 - Presidential Term Limits. Ratified 2/27/1951. History
    * Amendment 23 - Presidential Vote for District of Columbia. Ratified 3/29/1961. History
    * Amendment 24 - Poll Tax Barred. Ratified 1/23/1964. History
    * Amendment 25 - Presidential Disability and Succession. Ratified 2/10/1967. Note History
    * Amendment 26 - Voting Age Set to 18 Years. Ratified 7/1/1971. History
    * Amendment 27 - Limiting Changes to Congressional Pay. Ratified 5/7/1992. History


    • First Amendment – Establishment Clause, Free Exercise Clause; freedom of speech, of the press, and of assembly; right to petition

    Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

    • Second Amendment – Militia (United States), Sovereign state, Right to keep and bear arms.
    A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed. [7]

    • Third Amendment – Protection from quartering of troops.
    No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

    • Fourth Amendment – Protection from unreasonable search and seizure.
    The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

    • Fifth Amendment – due process, double jeopardy, self-incrimination, eminent domain.
    No person shall be held to answer for any capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

    • Sixth Amendment – Trial by jury and rights of the accused; Confrontation Clause, speedy trial, public trial, right to counsel
    In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district where in the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense.

    • Seventh Amendment – Civil trial by jury.
    In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

    • Eighth Amendment – Prohibition of excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment.
    Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
    • Ninth Amendment – Protection of rights not specifically enumerated in the Constitution.
    The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

    • Tenth Amendment – Powers of States and people.
    The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
     
  2. Huntn, Jun 29, 2015
    Last edited: Jun 30, 2015

    Huntn thread starter macrumors G5

    Huntn

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    Description of Amendments 11-19.
    Source:
    Wikipedia and U.S. Constitution Online.

    * Amendment 11 - Judicial Limits. Ratified 2/7/1795. Note History
    The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.
    * Amendment 12 - Choosing the President, Vice-President. Ratified 6/15/1804. Note History The Electoral College
    The Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate;
    The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted;
    The person having the greatest Number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President.
    The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.
    * Amendment 13 - Slavery Abolished. Ratified 12/6/1865. History
    1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
    2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

    * Amendment 14 - Citizenship Rights. Ratified 7/9/1868. Equal Protection Clause. Note History
    1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. See this article on the history of the EPC: The Constitution at a Crossroads.

    2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice-President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.

    3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.

    4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.
    5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.
    * Amendment 15 - Race No Bar to Vote. Ratified 2/3/1870. History
    1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
    2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
    *Amendment 16 - Status of Income Tax Clarified. Ratified 2/3/1913. Note History
    The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
    * Amendment 17 - Senators Elected by Popular Vote. Ratified 4/8/1913. History
    The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures.
    When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct.
    This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.
    *Amendment 18 - Liquor Abolished. Ratified 1/16/1919. Repealed by Amendment 21, 12/5/1933. History
    1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.
    2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
    3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
    * Amendment 19 - Women's Suffrage. Ratified 8/18/1920. History
    The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
    Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
     
  3. Huntn thread starter macrumors G5

    Huntn

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    Description of Amendments 20-27.

    * Amendment 20 - Presidential, Congressional Terms. Ratified 1/23/1933. History
    1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin.
    2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.
    3. If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President shall have qualified.
    4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them.
    5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October following the ratification of this article.
    6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission.
    *Amendment 21 - Amendment 18 Repealed. Ratified 12/5/1933. History
    1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed.
    2. The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited.
    3. The article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
    * Amendment 22 - Presidential Term Limits. Ratified 2/27/1951. History
    1. No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once. But this Article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President, when this Article was proposed by the Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this Article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term.
    2. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress.
    * Amendment 23 - Presidential Vote for District of Columbia. Ratified 3/29/1961. History
    1. The District constituting the seat of Government of the United States shall appoint in such manner as the Congress may direct: A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a State, but in no event more than the least populous State; they shall be in addition to those appointed by the States, but they shall be considered, for the purposes of the election of President and Vice President, to be electors appointed by a State; and they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth article of amendment.
    2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
    * Amendment 24 - Poll Tax Barred. Ratified 1/23/1964. History
    1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.
    2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

    * Amendment 25 - Presidential Disability and Succession.
    Ratified 2/10/1967. Note History
    1. In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.
    2. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.
    3. Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.
    4. Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President.
    Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty eight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office.

    * Amendment 26 - Voting Age Set to 18 Years. Ratified 7/1/1971. History
    1. The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.
    2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

    * Amendment 27 - Limiting Changes to Congressional Pay.
    Ratified 5/7/1992. History
    No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.
     
  4. Huntn thread starter macrumors G5

    Huntn

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    #4
    Regarding the recent SCOTUS decision regarding marriiage rights here is a great read about the history of the Equal Rights Clause:

    The Meaning of Equal: Does the Constitution Prohibit Discrimination on the Basis of Gender and Sexual Orientation?

     
  5. jkcerda macrumors 6502

    jkcerda

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    #5
    hope they rule on the 2nd pretty soon, concealed carry reciprocity FTW.
     
  6. Huntn thread starter macrumors G5

    Huntn

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    #6

    It's always on your mind, always on your mind....
    ;)
     
  7. jkcerda macrumors 6502

    jkcerda

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    #7
    RIGHTS? yes they are, yes they are.
     
  8. Huntn thread starter macrumors G5

    Huntn

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    #8
    Specifically, your Gun Love obsession... Lol. :D
     
  9. jkcerda macrumors 6502

    jkcerda

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    #9
    [​IMG]
    nope, been pushing for equal marriage for a while.
    [​IMG]
     
  10. Huntn thread starter macrumors G5

    Huntn

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    #10
    I'll acknowledge this is a Constitution thread so you are within bounds. Always on your mind still applies. :D
     
  11. jkcerda macrumors 6502

    jkcerda

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    #11
    for many reasons .
     
  12. rdowns macrumors Penryn

    rdowns

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    #12
    Dude, once you've posted a video, oh, let's say 8 times, you can't post it anymore. K?
     
  13. Sydde macrumors 68020

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    #13
    Utter nonsense. The Declaration was an angry letter to the king from a bunch of wealthy American leaders saying that they were fed up. It has absolutely nothing to do with the constitution. Put this myth to bed yesterday.
     
  14. Huntn thread starter macrumors G5

    Huntn

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    #14
    You are entitled to your opinion. See:


     
  15. jkcerda macrumors 6502

    jkcerda

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    #15
    plenty of people don't seem to grasp this simple concept.
     
  16. Sydde macrumors 68020

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    #16
    What he glosses over there is that the Declaration precipitated the Articles of Confederation. That document was drafted in '77 and ratified by the 13th state in '81, allowing it to take effect for the more than seven years before the Constitution was drafted and ratified. The Constitution was a remedy for the failure of the Articles, so its establishment is well removed from the Declaration. As far as a statement of principles, that is in the Constitution itself, right in the preamble. The text of the Declaration is all well and good, but it has no bearing on the Constitution. Your source originates from americanthinker.com, which has such lovely pieces as Forget the Confederate Flag, Ban Democrats and SCOTUScare, SCOTUSsexuality and SCOTUSocracy. I would run their firm assertions through a high-quality BS detector.
     
  17. Huntn thread starter macrumors G5

    Huntn

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    #17
    Need to keep this obsessions in check. How about just once in every thread? He can be our how the 2nd Amendment effects this subject spokesperson. :p
     
  18. Huntn, Jun 29, 2015
    Last edited: Jun 29, 2015

    Huntn thread starter macrumors G5

    Huntn

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    #18
    This is not a huge deal to me and I'm willing to admit if this statement is in error, but... Different authors. Doesn't the Constitution support The DoI by providing details of the general premises established in the DoI and at no time contradicts it?

    I like this description too. :)
    (link)
     
  19. jkcerda macrumors 6502

    jkcerda

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    #19
    [​IMG]
    hope they do deal with it.
     
  20. Thomas Veil macrumors 68020

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    #20
    That Penn and Teller "explanation" is one of their clumsier sleights of hand.
     
  21. MacNut macrumors Core

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    #21
    I would like to see the 22 amendment ratified to be one 6 year term.
     
  22. mobilehaathi macrumors G3

    mobilehaathi

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    #22
    Sorry you got it wrong. This is the constitution in a nutshell: const-in-a-nutshell.jpg
     
  23. tgara macrumors 6502a

    tgara

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    #23
    Yes, that's right. Sydde obviously has not read the Declaration critically because his comment overlooks the Declaration's larger purpose. The Declaration set out the natural principles that free men possessed innately ("we are endowed by our Creator with certain inalienable rights, among them life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness"), and the Constitution structured a government around those principles. The two are linked, and should be read together. Read any of Lincoln's speeches for good examples. He references both frequently.
     
  24. Huntn thread starter macrumors G5

    Huntn

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    #24
    I had to borrow this image for the OP, if that's ok... Thanks in advance. :)
     
  25. LIVEFRMNYC macrumors 603

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    #25
    Anything I don't agree with is unconstitutional. "Right Wing"
     

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