At first I thought this was just another one of those how to beat IRS scams, but this is VERY INTERESTING INDEED. June 9, 2006 1040 Checkmate? DOJ Dismisses Felony Tax Prosecution -- With Prejudice -- After PRA Defense Raised Evidence OMB Complicit In Income Tax Fraud DOJ & IRS Petitioned To Explain http://www.givemeliberty.org/RTP2/UPDATES/Update2006-06-09.htm Paperwork Reduction Act. § 3512. Public protection (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person shall be subject to any penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information that is subject to this subchapter if-- (1) the collection of information does not display a valid control number assigned by the Director in accordance with this subchapter; or (2) the agency fails to inform the person who is to respond to the collection of information that such person is not required to respond to the collection of information unless it displays a valid control number. (b) The protection provided by this section may be raised in the form of a complete defense, bar, or otherwise at any time during the agency administrative process or judicial action applicable thereto. http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/laws/paperwork-reduction/ It's a long read, but from what I've gathered so far. It really looks like We The People are not legally required to file a 1040. The form itself is not a legal form under OMB guidelines.