So, as an attorney, I'm always interested in how organizations set up rules -- in the case of FIFA, the rules about how they choose between two teams that have the same number of points in the pools. First, here's the rule (cite): XVIII. TECHNICAL RULES FOR THE FINAL COMPETITION Article 31 First round (groups) 5. The ranking of each team in each group will be determined as follows: a) greatest number of points obtained in all group matches; b) goal difference in all group matches; c) greatest number of goals scored in all group matches. If two or more teams are equal on the basis of the above three criteria, their rankings will be determined as follows: d) greatest number of points obtained in the group matches between the teams concerned; e) goal difference resulting from the group matches between the teams concerned; f) greater number of goals scored in all group matches between the teams concerned; g) drawing of lots by the Organising Committee for the FIFA World Cup. 6. The two teams coming first and second in each group qualify for the second round. Now, here's the question: Can section (f) ever apply? I don't think it can. Section (d) says that the higher rank will go to the team that got more points in the matches between the two teams. Since there's only one match, section (d) fails to decide the rankings only when the match was a draw, i.e., same number of goals. Section (f) then states that the higher rank will go to the team with more goals in the matches between the two. It seems to me that if you've gotten to section (f), that means that section (f) is useless. Am I missing something?