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Error after compile Exception in thread "main" java.lang.NoClassDefFoundErr

Discussion in 'Mac Programming' started by JoeCmis, Aug 21, 2007.

  1. macrumors newbie

    #1
    Hi I am very new to Java programming, right now I am using a mac os 10.49
    I can create java documents using bbedit and then they compile when i type
    javac.

    But when i type java *.java I get the following error

    Exception in thread "main" java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError

    If I type java "filename"
    without the .java at the end of the file the terminal has no response

    I understand i am supposed to some how set the classpath but i do not know how to do this
    Also I can create and compile and then run my java in the eclipse program that i have installed, but not from terminal and im not sure why.

    I do have eclipse installed and my java will compile and run in eclipse with no problems.
    Thanks for the help.
     
  2. macrumors 6502a

    #2
    I had the same errors when I started using java from the command line in Terminal.

    When you compile, you supply the .java in your syntax. IE

    javac myfile.java

    However, when you run the program, you don't:

    java myfile

    Java will run the myfile.class file produced from the compile step. If you navigate to the folder where your class files are produced, you don't need the -classpath parameter on the "java" command, nor do you need to set a classpath environment variable. However, you should read up on the java command from Terminal:

    java -?

    to familiarize yourself with the command line options.

    Todd
     
  3. macrumors 68020

    ChrisBrightwell

    #3
    Here's a quick and dirty example.

    First, your source file. This is HelloWorld.java:

    Code:
    class HelloWorld
    {
      public static void main (String args[])  
      {
        System.out.println("Hello, world!");
      }
    }
    Then in terminal, these are your commands:
    Code:
    % javac HelloWorld.java
    % java -cp ./ HelloWorld
    The "-cp ./" is just to ensure that it looks in the local directory for the .class file to run. Some JVMs add automatically search there, but not all do, so it's usually a good practice to explicitly set the classpath.

    Hope this helps.
     
  4. macrumors 68000

    Littleodie914

    #4
    Welcome to Java. :)

    Yea, what's happening is you're not actually compiling the code. Running "java" in the terminal should execute a compiled Java class. "javac" is the command you're looking for, and stands for "java compiler."

    So when you have some java code in a .java file, like HelloWorld.java, you must compile it using "javac HelloWorld.java", and then run the .class file using "java HelloWorld" (notice no .class at the end, it's not required.)

    Enjoy!
     

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