So, basically, for large chapters we have a large assignment. And, like the idiot I am, I procrastinated one of the things (the assignment is essentially a compilation of smaller assignments) that is probably the biggest assignment, and now, I'm essentially completely lost. I'll start off with the very first problem: There are other problems based on this one, but I think if I understood how to answer this one, I could answer the others on my own. So, my confusion with this problem is that, well, I have no idea how to do this. I understand that we have to move a certain amount to the right and up, but I'm not sure of how much. Our teacher didn't ever teach us anything relevant to this, so I have no idea why it's on this, but currently that's not of much importance. The most relevant formula to this that I've ever been tought in Algebra II is that s=rθ (s=the length of the circle's boundary, r=radius, θ=degree in radians), but I'm not really seeing how that would help me. Nevermind, I got this one. I figured it out using a program she linked us to (I would put a link here but it has my teacher's name on it). The second problem I'm having trouble with is this: My problem with this problem is that, well, the Earth's orbit is not a cos/sin/tan graph. It's a circle/elipsis. This problem also has other problems built off of it, but the same applies as before. Please help me through my idiocy.