So, tech companies like apple improve their products every year. Apple consistently and without fail put out a better chip to power it's mobile devices every year. Usually twice a year like A8 and A8x. Next year will A9 and so on... For example, in the keynote, the apple guy said last year's chip had a billion transistors and this year's model has 3 billion. This seems like a big step. Did the technology exist last year to make 3 billion? Or did we discover some innovative way to add transistors to a chip sometime in the past year? I know nothing about how chips work or are made. Here are a few essay questions for people who do. 1) Does the technology exist today (October of 2014) to produce the chip that apple will release in the iPad model of 2017? 1y) if you answered yes, what is your reasoning behind the fact that the technology is being "held back," meaning the latest tech isn't in the hands of the public? Is it simply too expensive to create? Or, are tech companies ensuring future customers by ensuring that next year's technology is a sure thing and gives people reason to upgrade? 1n) if you answered no, then how do you account for the fact that apple is without fail producing a better chip each year?