I'm a beginner in all this encoding video and formats, etc. stuff and feel like the reading I've done on the net has only scratched the surface. Anyway, here's my problem: I have a bunch of video that was captured on Mini DVD-R's and am trying to get them into iMovie for a simple edit and then output onto DVD. The camera that was used was a very entry level one, Canon DC220 I believe it was. So, the video isn't amazing to begin with, but it's alright. I've had a lot of problems finalizing all the discs, but that's something entirely different. The ones that did finalize correctly, I have tried encoding them using Handbrake putting them into .MP4 format. Editing was brief and everything went smoothly. But when watching the DVD on the player, the quality was very poor. As you couldn't really pick up the quality issues while watching the video in Quicktime. What specifically can I do to get the closest quality to the original video in the .VOB file? Or am I kinda limited if I want to take the video through iMovie to iDVD? I saw the following statement in another thread relating to a similar question: Also, converting to MP4 was a bad idea, since the videos on your original DVD would have been MPEG2, and the burning process will convert them back to MPEG2. All that re-encoding is going to lose you quality. For this sort if thing, I use Toast 8 Titanium. Assuming your VHS to DVD converter isn't giving you encrypted DVDs, you can use Toast to rip the MPEG2 off the DVD and then re-burn it at a bit-rate of your choosing. You don't need to go near iMovie or iDVD, and your videos stay in MPEG2 throughout, which is best for quality. Thanks a lot, any help would be great. Would doing this going through Toast Titanium be leaps and bounds better than encoding to .MP4 and using iDVD? Is this the easiest solution to my problem about the formats/quality?