IT guy just bought a Mac. How do I . . . .

Discussion in 'Mac Basics and Help' started by donmei, Apr 5, 2008.

  1. donmei macrumors regular

    Joined:
    Mar 8, 2007
    #1
    Hi guys. I just completely gave up on MS.

    I've been using XP hapily since 01 and frankly it has been fine. But it seems that with every new "security" release it gets slower. The insertion of Windows Genuine Assurance (essentially spyware) into a necessary service pack was really the last straw for me.

    And Vista, well lets just say that when it takes 6 clicks to move a shortcut from the desktop to the start menu, there's a problem.

    So my choices were a 7 yr old operating system or a new, but terrible OS.

    I've played around with Linux and it would be great if I didnt have a new baby and a 160 yr old house in the final stages of a complete renovation. (new roof, windows, plumbing, waste lines, electrical, hvac)

    In short, I need something that just works. I got my mom a macbook last year because it just works. I get 1/5 of the support calls from her now since I switched her from Win2K. (which itself was a huge step up from win 98. In Win2k she was set up as a non-priveliged user, so she couldnt screw anything up)

    So here are my questions. I'd greatly appreciate if you guys could copy th equestions into your response and put your answer below.

    Thanks,

    Don
    p.s. I went off the deep end. 17" macbook pro with higher res display.


    1. 1) I want "explorer" to show in the icons in list form for all "folders" and stay that way even after I close it. I dont want it to go back to those large icons.
      2) I dont understand the folder heirarchy? dont get how folders work. Can I see the root of C:. what I see doesnt seem to truly be the root?
      3) can I see unix // system folders (/stand, /dev?)
      4) Does an admin have root privelidges
      5) What dvd decrypter do you use to rip DVD's.
      6) Parallels or Synergy (dont bother with this one, I'm sure its covered in the archives)
      7) I dont want to use quicktime. Can I save in another video format?
      8) I want a PC Card, SD car reader. Is the card slot a PC Card slot in my new Macbood Pro
      9) Whats the best way to open MS specific docs? I realize that open office is free and good. But I have a friend who works for MS. i can get a copy of Office 08 for free. My concern is that it will be a HUGE pig. I may not want it even if its free.
      9) If I remove a rarely used app from the dock, where would I go to launch it?
      10) I dont want to use iphoto to organize my pics. I've got a very detailed file structure that works for me. The "events" idea of managing pics doesnt do it for me. Can I just set up a file structure and work like I always have? Its worked for me for the last 8 yrs, I dont want to dchange
      11) I want to use ivideo but I Do NOT want to work with .mov files because they cant be viewed full screen by PC people I send them to unless they BUY QT. Is this possible?

      thanks for your help.
     
  2. soccersquirt82 macrumors 6502

    Joined:
    Mar 11, 2008
    #2
    5) What dvd decrypter do you use to rip DVD's.

    Handbrake is a great software to use because it can be converted into many different formats.
     
  3. steveza macrumors 68000

    steveza

    Joined:
    Feb 20, 2008
    Location:
    UK
    #3
    9) If I remove a rarely used app from the dock, where would I go to launch it?

    In Finder you will find Applications on the left or click on whatever you hard drive is called (default is Macintosh HD) and it's Applications in there too. This is also the root directory.
     
  4. thejadedmonkey macrumors 604

    thejadedmonkey

    Joined:
    May 28, 2005
    Location:
    Pa
    #4
    1) I want "explorer" to show in the icons in list form for all "folders" and stay that way even after I close it. I dont want it to go back to those large icons.

    Click on Macintosh HD on your desktop.. select how you want it to appear. hit the apple key (command) + J to open up the view preferences. Select "use as default". (see picture 1)


    2) I dont understand the folder heirarchy? dont get how folders work. Can I see the root of C:. what I see doesnt seem to truly be the root?

    There is no C drive. There is only "/" That's the root of your drive. Within there is your Application folder, System folder, User folder, and Library folder.

    4) Does an admin have root privelidges
    Not 100%. But don't worry, OS X will ask for a password if it needs it.. and there's no reason to run as root.

    5) What dvd decrypter do you use to rip DVD's.
    Handbrake


    6) Parallels or Synergy (dont bother with this one, I'm sure its covered in the archives)
    VMWare Fusion. Parallels is emulation, synergy is physically running a 2nd PC.

    7) I dont want to use quicktime. Can I save in another video format?
    Quicktime isn't a video format, it's just the player. You can use iTunes, VLC, or... that's about all I can think of right now.

    8) I want a PC Card, SD car reader. Is the card slot a PC Card slot in my new Macbood Pro
    I got myself this to fix the very issue.

    9) Whats the best way to open MS specific docs? I realize that open office is free and good. But I have a friend who works for MS. i can get a copy of Office 08 for free. My concern is that it will be a HUGE pig. I may not want it even if its free.

    Office 04 on a PPC mac was the best. Office 08 is slow, but it works well enough. It's less then a gig. Alternatively, you could try iWorks

    9) If I remove a rarely used app from the dock, where would I go to launch it?

    Click on Finder, select "Applications" from the site. It'll be in there. OR, you can hit command+spacebar to bring up Spotlight, and then search the computer for it,

    10) I dont want to use iphoto to organize my pics. I've got a very detailed file structure that works for me. The "events" idea of managing pics doesnt do it for me. Can I just set up a file structure and work like I always have? Its worked for me for the last 8 yrs, I dont want to dchange

    Yes, tell iPhoto not to import photos and to keep them in their own location. see picture 2. Alternatively, you can not use iPhoto at all and just view them with Finder. Double click on them to open them in preview, or select and hit spacebar to open in quicklook.

    11) I want to use ivideo but I Do NOT want to work with .mov files because they cant be viewed full screen by PC people I send them to unless they BUY QT. Is this possible?

    I believe you mean iMovie, and Yes. Have PC people open them in the new version of Quicktime, iTunes, or Winamp, or WMP.
     

    Attached Files:

  5. mkrishnan Moderator emeritus

    mkrishnan

    Joined:
    Jan 9, 2004
    Location:
    Grand Rapids, MI, USA
    #5
    3) can I see unix // system folders (/stand, /dev?)

    I have no idea what /stand is, but in general, yes. You can always see them from terminal; there are also ways to modify Finder to show them to you. You can also use apps like PathFinder...

    http://michaelkrol.com/2007/12/21/hidden-files-in-os-x-finder-no-terminal-hacking-with-path-finder/

    if you'd like.

    4) Does an admin have root privelidges


    No, not exactly. They have elevated privileges, but they don't have root privileges at all times. They still need to escalate for some things (e.g. using sudo).

    8) I want a PC Card, SD car reader. Is the card slot a PC Card slot in my new Macbood Pro

    No, it's not. It's an ExpressCard/34 slot. So you can find an ExpressCard SD reader or else get a USB one (e.g. my SanDisk MicroMate works fine with my Mac).

    9) Whats the best way to open MS specific docs? I realize that open office is free and good. But I have a friend who works for MS. i can get a copy of Office 08 for free. My concern is that it will be a HUGE pig. I may not want it even if its free.

    If you're using MS Office 07/08 Open doc formats, you really want to just use Office 08. Otherwise, meh, do whatever. I personally really like Office, although I'm still on 04.

    9) If I remove a rarely used app from the dock, where would I go to launch it?

    Open the main Hard Disk (Macintosh HD) and click on Applications, or click on Applications from the left side of the Finder window, if you left it there. You can also put the Applications folder on the right side of the dock so that it expands out of the dock for you to find apps. And finally you could type part of the name into the spotlight bar. :)

    10) I dont want to use iphoto to organize my pics. I've got a very detailed file structure that works for me. The "events" idea of managing pics doesnt do it for me. Can I just set up a file structure and work like I always have? Its worked for me for the last 8 yrs, I dont want to dchange

    Yeah, this is right in the directions, so I'm sure you can figure it out yourself. ;)
     
  6. Neil321 macrumors 68040

    Neil321

    Joined:
    Nov 6, 2007
    Location:
    Britain, Avatar Created By Bartelby
    #6
    You may find this guide useful and this if your looking for progs & apps
     
  7. velocityg4 macrumors 68040

    velocityg4

    Joined:
    Dec 19, 2004
    Location:
    Georgia
    #7
    3) can I see unix // system folders (/stand, /dev?)
    Use terminal to make hidden files and folders visible/invisible.

    to see hidden files

    defaults write com.apple.finder AppleShowAllFiles TRUE
    killall Finder
    to hide hidden files
    defaults write com.apple.finder AppleShowAllFiles FALSE
    killall Finder

    9) Whats the best way to open MS specific docs? I realize that open office is free and good. But I have a friend who works for MS. i can get a copy of Office 08 for free.

    Neooffice works quite well. However, I prefer Office 08. Mainly because when choosing fonts from the formatting toolbar it shows a preview. While in Neooffice I did not see this option. Yes there are other ways to see previews but they are more time consuming.
    2) I dont understand the folder heirarchy? dont get how folders work. Can I see the root of C:. what I see doesnt seem to truly be the root?

    More completely you select your hard drive root in terminal with /Volumes/"Hard Drive Name"/
     
  8. kuwisdelu macrumors 65816

    Joined:
    Jan 13, 2008
    #8
    1) I want "explorer" to show in the icons in list form for all "folders" and stay that way even after I close it. I dont want it to go back to those large icons.

    It's called Finder. This ones already been addressed. Set it to list view, then ctrl-click, or go to View, or Cmd + J to bring up View Options. Set as default.

    And it's called Finder.

    2) I dont understand the folder heirarchy? dont get how folders work. Can I see the root of C:. what I see doesnt seem to truly be the root?

    There is no C:. There is Macintosh HD, unless you named it something else. In Finder, click on Macintosh HD, and that's the root of your drive. Look into Unix folder structure. It's just like that. It may seem confusing going through Finder, since it's set up to be simple to the average user who doesn't need to think about stuff like this.

    3) can I see unix // system folders (/stand, /dev?)

    There is no native way to set Finder to show hidden files. Usually, they're not things you need to be worried about, unlike in Windows where even a normal user may need to mess with them every once in a while. If you do want to see them, there are hacks. Also you can just go into Terminal and execute

    cd /
    ls

    And you'll see everything. Then just cd to wherever you want to go to explore.

    4) Does an admin have root privelidges

    Not by default. And it shouldn't, for security reasons. If you really need at some point, you can enable to root user, or you can execute root commands as admin from the Terminal by using the sudo command.

    5) What dvd decrypter do you use to rip DVD's.

    Handbrake.

    6) Parallels or Synergy (dont bother with this one, I'm sure its covered in the archives)

    Haven't heard of Synergy. I use Fusion and am very happy with it. Parallels is quite similar, but I like Fusion.

    7) I dont want to use quicktime. Can I save in another video format?

    Do you mean Quicktime .mov format? No, you don't have to save in it. I rarely do. For compatibility, mp4 is the best.

    If you don't want to use Quicktime at all, download VLC or MPlayer. If you want to use Quicktime for viewing movies in avi or wmv, you should download plugins called Flip4Mac and Perian.

    8) I want a PC Card, SD car reader. Is the card slot a PC Card slot in my new Macbood Pro

    Don't know this one. Sorry.

    9) Whats the best way to open MS specific docs? I realize that open office is free and good. But I have a friend who works for MS. i can get a copy of Office 08 for free. My concern is that it will be a HUGE pig. I may not want it even if its free.

    You're correct in your concern. MS Office is bloatware. Unfortunately, some people need it for 100% compatibility. That doesn't sound like your case. I used NeoOffice (OpenOffice.org for Mac without X11...until OpenOffice.org's native Aqua version for Mac comes out of beta) for a long time. NeoOffice will give you 99.9% compatibility with opening and saving as MS Office formats, even the new ones.

    Personally, though, I really like iWork. It's a much more lightweight app than MS Office, but very powerful. I prefer Pages to Word, and Keynote blows Powerpoint away. Numbers is still lacking next to Excel, though. You can open MS Office documents, but if they're complicated, it may not get them exactly right. You can also export to the Office 2003/4 formats. It's a very nice office suite, and much cheaper than MS Office.

    I'd say iWork for usability + NeoOffice for compatibility is the best you can get.

    9) If I remove a rarely used app from the dock, where would I go to launch it?

    Click on Finder, and then Applications. They're all there. Alternatively, you can use Spotlight to launch programs, too. Just hit Cmd + Space and start typing the first few letters of the application and it should come up pretty quickly, and then hit enter. If you prefer mouse to keyboard, you can drag your whole Applications folder to the right side of the dock and make it a stack, and launch programs from there, just by clicking on the Applications folder in your dock. You can also use a program like Quicksilver, which I highly recommend. You can launch apps quicker than with Spotlight, and make triggers for all kinds of things, like play/pause iTunes from any other app.

    10) I dont want to use iphoto to organize my pics. I've got a very detailed file structure that works for me. The "events" idea of managing pics doesnt do it for me. Can I just set up a file structure and work like I always have? Its worked for me for the last 8 yrs, I dont want to dchange

    This ones already been covered, too. I still think it's best to just let iPhoto handle the grunt work of organizing, but if you don't like to, just go to Preferences and turn off iPhoto's importing them. Then you can just use iPhoto to view them from wherever. Or you could just not use iPhoto, organize them as you wish, and then view them all with Preview...

    11) I want to use ivideo but I Do NOT want to work with .mov files because they cant be viewed full screen by PC people I send them to unless they BUY QT. Is this possible?

    iVideo? Do you mean iMovie? The latest versions of Quicktime let people view full screen without buying QT Pro. They must be using an old version. Saving as .mov should be fine if they have a fairly recent version of Quicktime.

    You can export as mp4 if you want, though, which is what I do. When exporting as a Quicktime format, where it says "Compress movie for...." just change it to "Expert Settings" and you can change it to whatever format and quality you want after you click "Share." Again, I suggest mp4.

    Oh...I should mention I still have iMovie HD, so in iMovie 08 it may be slightly different.
     
  9. donmei thread starter macrumors regular

    Joined:
    Mar 8, 2007
    #9
    A Couple More Questions.

    Guys,

    Thank you for all the great info. Just to clarify one thing. When working with videos, I want to save them in a format that is NATIVE to a windows Pc. i.e. it can be viewed by pretty much anyone with win2k or above and a reasonably recent version of Windows Media Player with no special plug-ins.

    .mp4 should meet that need. Can I set iMovie so .mp4 is the DEFAULT file type?

    NEW ??
    1) My NAS is set up with FAT32. All my music and photos are on it. (backed up to an off-line usb drive every couple of weeks) Will that formatting work with the MAC? I'm hoping so. I specifically did not format it with NTFS for compatability reasons?

    2) Would the Mac been able to mount it if it was NTFS?

    3) Is it easy to map a drive to a NAS box.

    Thanks again. if I deserve a RTFA then flame away.

    Don
     
  10. kuwisdelu macrumors 65816

    Joined:
    Jan 13, 2008
    #10
    Well, since you'll be exporting to mp4 instead of saving in the traditional sense, there really isn't a default export file type... Just when you export it, choose Quicktime->Compress for "Expert Settings." I believe on expert settings, it usually defaults to mp4. You can further customize the quality, etc., and then those settings are automatically saved for next time.

    1) FAT32 should work, believe, for exchanging files between Macs and PC's. Will you have a Windows PC using it, too? If not, just format it as HFS.

    2) Macs can read NTFS but not write, I think. You may need special software even to read it, but I'm not sure.

    3) No idea.
     
  11. donmei thread starter macrumors regular

    Joined:
    Mar 8, 2007
    #11
    Just bought a griffin expresscard/34 5 in1 card reader for $17 shipped, on amazon marketplace.

    Thanks for the link

    kuwisdulu - thanks for the info. Good, then the existing fat32 on the NAS should work.

    Over the last few years I've moved data off of my computers and onto network devices. It only makes sense, since I'get about 1 year out of an install of Windows before registry polution renders it useless. It used to be a huge chore to backup stuff, then reimage. Even with the drive partitioned so the data was on a non-windows drive, its still good practice to back up before reinstalling windows.
     
  12. mkrishnan Moderator emeritus

    mkrishnan

    Joined:
    Jan 9, 2004
    Location:
    Grand Rapids, MI, USA
    #12
    .mp4 should meet that need.

    I think you're familiar with the idea of a video container standard versus a codec? Like in Windows, .AVI is a container, but knowing that a file is an AVI doesn't tell you the video and audio codecs, so it doesn't tell you whether you can play it or not. MP4 is also a container... the video in an MP4 is supposed to be in either MPEG-4 part 2 ("MPEG-4") or MPEG-4 part 10 (H.264). You should be able to do either by default, but you want to make sure which you want. I think the issue you may be running in is that a Win2k machine may not have H.264 on it?

    This doc provides more details.

    http://www.apple.com/quicktime/technologies/mpeg4/

    1) My NAS is set up with FAT32. All my music and photos are on it. (backed up to an off-line usb drive every couple of weeks) Will that formatting work with the MAC? I'm hoping so. I specifically did not format it with NTFS for compatability reasons?

    Yes, that should be fine. :)

    2) Would the Mac been able to mount it if it was NTFS?

    By default, read only. There is free software that allows pretty good read-write compatibility (MacFUSE).

    http://www.macosxhints.com/article.php?story=20071228215232264

    3) Is it easy to map a drive to a NAS box.

    This is Windows speak again. :p There are no drives and you do not map drives in Unix. But it should be very easy to mount, from the Go To menu item, I think?
     
  13. donmei thread starter macrumors regular

    Joined:
    Mar 8, 2007
    #13
    OK, so I'm watching the 20 minute infomercial for iLife 08. Very slick. the guy is showing off iWeb and after making a nifty page he says "click here to publish to your .mac web site".

    ok. Well, I have a godaddy hosted web site. Can I use iWeb to publish to that, or is it restricted to .mac only?

    What about google's web hosting?

    Thanks in advance.

    Don
     
  14. mkrishnan Moderator emeritus

    mkrishnan

    Joined:
    Jan 9, 2004
    Location:
    Grand Rapids, MI, USA
    #14
  15. Eraserhead macrumors G4

    Eraserhead

    Joined:
    Nov 3, 2005
    Location:
    UK
    #15
    Anything with FTP will work.

    I want to use ivideo but I Do NOT want to work with .mov files because they cant be viewed full screen by PC people I send them to unless they BUY QT

    This isn't true anymore, Quicktime 7.2 or later (we are now on Quicktime 7.4.5) supports Full Screen for free.
     
  16. mstens macrumors member

    Joined:
    Mar 13, 2008
    #16
    If it's shared via SMB you can read and write to it as long as you have appropriate permissions. Just like any other SMB shared device. IO control at that point is at the SMB protocol level, so it does not require being able to mount that specific filesystem type.

    Oh you'd have to do ls -a I believe to show hidden files.

    If you want to see what your mount points are (effectively your c: d: etc) type mount. Oh and ssh and scp are installed by default.. so you can scp files to a server as well.
     
  17. donmei thread starter macrumors regular

    Joined:
    Mar 8, 2007
    #17
    I've been using the MBP for week or so now.

    It seems everytime I get infuriated with something I do a search and find that there is an easier way to do whatever I'm trying to do.

    So here's an easy one:
    How do you do a find of the screen content when in safari?

    Equivalent IE command would <ctrl> F?
     
  18. Sky Blue Guest

    Sky Blue

    Joined:
    Jan 8, 2005
    #18
    cmd + F

    A lot of Windows shortcuts that combine Ctrl and another key, can be done with cmd + the key.
    (the command key is the key both sides of the space bar)
     
  19. scotty96LSC macrumors 65816

    scotty96LSC

    Joined:
    Oct 24, 2007
    Location:
    Charlotte, NC
    #19
    Great thread. What a wealth of information for someone who is crossing over to MAC OS from Windows. Easy to understand, easy to read. I even learned a couple of things as well.
    Oh, and welcome to the world of MACs donmei.
     
  20. donmei thread starter macrumors regular

    Joined:
    Mar 8, 2007
    #20
    Thanks Scotty,

    Heres a couple more for the experts:

    1) In IE you can right click on the back arrow and see a list of where you've been. This allows you to skip back several pages without having to step backwards through every page. Does Safari have something similar?

    2) <alt><tab> allows you to scroll through your open apps. <cmd><tab> does a similar thing. But if you have 2 Safari windows open, it doesnt let you toggle between safari instances. Is there a keyboard shortcut that lets you switch between apps, INCLUDING multiple instance of Safari?

    3) If you open multiple tabs in a single instance of Safari, is there a keyboard short (in looking at the safari dropdowns, <cmd>{ accomplishes this. But it requires both hands. Is there a "single handed" shortcut for this? Remember that { is actually <shift>[





    Thanks again,

    Don
     
  21. killmoms macrumors 68040

    killmoms

    Joined:
    Jun 23, 2003
    Location:
    Washington, DC
    #21
    Just hold your mouse button down over the back (or forward) button to get a menu of previous sites.

    No. It's either apps OR windows within an app. It might be good to get used to Exposé. However, the command to switch between the windows of a currently running app is Cmd+`.

    Not by default, but you can re-map any keyboard shortcut you want in OS X. Just go into System Preferences > Keyboard & Mouse > Keyboard Shortcuts.
     
  22. donmei thread starter macrumors regular

    Joined:
    Mar 8, 2007
    #22
    That hold the mouse down over the backup button is SWEET. great. thanks.

    4) Where's the freaking delete key? (Other than <fn> delete, or is that the only delete?)
    What is marked on the keyboard as delete is really backspace. Backspace deletes the characters to the left of the cursor and delete deletes the characters to the right of the cursor. Its been that way since the begining of time. At least since my begining of time. (PDP 11-70, TRS80 Model I)

    Shoot, even the apple Model 1 had a delete key: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/27/Apple_I.jpg

    LOOK at this picture above. Its amazing.

    5) In windows, if I see a pic on a web page I want to paste into an email, I right click then copy on the picture, that copys it to the clipboard. Then I paste <cmd>V I've learned in OSX land. into the email.

    How do you copy from a webpage like this. <cmd>C doesnt work on a web picture.
     
  23. killmoms macrumors 68040

    killmoms

    Joined:
    Jun 23, 2003
    Location:
    Washington, DC
    #23
    On a laptop keyboard, only the "backspace" Delete key exists. You have to use Fn+Delete to get forward delete. Apple's wired keyboard has a dedicated forward delete key.

    As to the "image from a webpage into an e-mail" thing, just click and drag. You can click and drag while invoking Exposé if you need to, so... that's the best way to do it. You could also just right click it and choose "Copy Image," like you do in Windows now.
     
  24. MBHockey macrumors 68040

    MBHockey

    Joined:
    Oct 4, 2003
    Location:
    New York
    #24
    donmei, it seems like you are much more accepting of "doing things the mac way" than others. I see a lot of switchers getting frustrated because it's not working like Windows...and they don't get that it's not supposed to work like windows.

    You seem to have a firm grasp on this concept. Kudos to you and your new MBP (very nice choice, by the way!). Good luck...this is a great forum!
     
  25. donmei thread starter macrumors regular

    Joined:
    Mar 8, 2007
    #25
    MB Hockey - Thanks. I've been around long enough to have experienced . .lets see a whole lot of OSes. You need to get used to switching. The only thing that really annoys me is the people here who act like OSx is FLAWLESS. Sorry. It isnt, its flawed like everything made by man. There SHOULD be a maximize button. But if thats all I've got to bitch about, then fine. By the way, you've got me thinking. The list goes like this, in chronological order. TRSDOS, CPM80, CPM86, PCDOS,VMS,MS-Dos, Win 3.1, Netware 3.12, Netware 4, OS400, NT Server 3.5(1), Win95,98,2000,xp, Linux, OSx.

    Ok, a few more. I didnt check the archives, but since this thread may become some kindof reference, here we go:

    6) F5 - in the PC world, this is a very useful kbd shortcut. In an explorer window it refreshes the contents. They usually update real time, but if there is a lot of file system activity, this background activity can lag. F5 makes it happen instantly.

    More importantly, if done in IE, it forces a refresh of that web page.

    What is the apple equivalent of F5. Give me 2 different commands if one is necessary for Safari and the other in finder??

    7) If I open a photo in a folder, it opens in Preview. Clicking the Next arrow (hover over text is "go to next page" does NOT take me to the next pic in the folder. So I need to close preview and double click on the next pic. This is assinine. So, I know that I must be missing something. What am I missing. How do I quickly flip through pics in a folder that exists on a NAS????

    Also, please dont tell me to use Iphoto. I've got 5 years of digital photos. Until someone tells me that it wont reorganize them and move them from their original folders, I'm not using it. (I want to preserve the very organized and structured folder protocol that I'm using now) If iphoto builds a catalogue just like iTunes does (it builds a database while leaving your file system untouched) then I'll use iphoto. But I started another thread with that question and havent gotten any answers
     

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