Problems Installing MySQL on Leopard/Macbook

Discussion in 'Web Design and Development' started by Littleodie914, Jan 5, 2008.

  1. Littleodie914 macrumors 68000


    Jun 9, 2004
    Rochester, NY
    Hey guys, I'm trying to install MySQL on my Macbook, and no matter what instructions I follow, I keep getting the same error:

    craig-otiss-macbook:bin Craig$ ./mysql
    ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock' (2)
    craig-otiss-macbook:bin Craig$ 
    I checked out this link, which details installing MySQL on Leopard, just what I'm trying to do, and still get the same error. I even tried using the shell script on the website, and letting the script do all the work. Installation completes successfully, but the error is always there!

    I've got it running properly on our old Macbook, but I can't seem to find any differences in the ways I'm installing it! Any help would be really appreciated! :)
  2. UltraNEO* macrumors 601


    Jun 16, 2007
    I'm curious which version of MySQL did you install for leopard?
    Cause there are a few issue with Tiger version..
    and if your building.. well.. who knows what will happen!

    That's probably cause mysql.sock has moved...
    it's no longer in /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock',
    in Leopard it's moved to here: /private/tmp/mysql.sock

    You'll most probably need to edit the httpd.conf to resolve many issues,
    now located in /private/etc/apache2/httpd.conf

    If you just want PHP and MySQL for development, I'd recommend you try MAMP for now...
    unless you really know what your doing, i'd try to avoid Apache2 & MySQL in Leopard.
  3. Littleodie914 thread starter macrumors 68000


    Jun 9, 2004
    Rochester, NY
    I think that certainly has something to do with it, thanks for the quick reply!

    But when I altered the file to point to the correct directory, I got the same error. (But with the updated path.)

    At what point in the MySQL installation is the socket created? Is there a step that doesn't work in Leopard that maybe I could run manually to create the socket? Thanks! :D

    Edit: It'd be nice to test different server environments, such as MAMP, but I'm actually using MySQL/Apache Tomcat in conjunction with Eclipse as a web IDE, and it'd probably be more hassle to switch over to a new system. (I'm using it for work, not for anything personal.)
  4. Littleodie914 thread starter macrumors 68000


    Jun 9, 2004
    Rochester, NY
    I was tinkering a bit more, and found that trying to go to "/var/lib/" will automatically change to "/private/var/lib/".

    I have MySQL running on our other computer, in which it was installed under 10.4, then upgraded to 10.5, and MySQL continued to work. Apparently Mac OS X handles moving the files to the correct spot when upgrading?

    Anyway, I copied the mysql.sock file from that installation, and tried to put it in the "/private/var/lib/" directory, but it's automatically deleted, and the error still happens. :(
  5. UltraNEO* macrumors 601


    Jun 16, 2007

    Theirs a reason why your upgrade works and your fresh install doesn't.
    As a upgrade Leopard doesn't touch the localhost at all!! Instead it'll upgrade the server, patching the system files as it goes.. i'm not sure does it move anything.

    What i do to edit my .conf file was to use BBEdit, it'll allow you to edit them right of the system, even save them too (admin password required). Alternatively you can access private via Finder > Go > Go to folder and edit the files manually but it'll won't allow you to save, instead you save them to desktop, and drop them in. Again, admin password is required - remember to make backups.

    To be honest, you know what i'd do?

    If i was you? I'd try to uninstall the MySQL you have right now..
    cause you might end up with a complete mess, last thing you want is a dead Apache and/or a dead or unstable Leopard.

    For MySQL, you can install this one, ver 5.0.45. It works fine with Apache2 (Yeah! i know, it says Tiger but it does work - i'm using it now) pick the appropriate package for that's correct for your system, either 'PowerPC' or 'x86' - in the installer there's 2 packages, install them both and leave out the .prefPane (cause it crashes) you can restart the serve by unchecking and re-checking File Sharing in the System Prefs.
  6. UltraNEO* macrumors 601


    Jun 16, 2007
    Oh.. just discovered that Eclipse will still have a few glitches after you gotten the server up and running. I've never used Eclipse myself but from what i've read it's based on SWT, right? Therefore it'll be using Carbon API’s, where as Leopard uses Cocoa API’s. I could be that i'm running up the wrong garden path :rolleyes:

    Anyway, here's some helpful pointers for getting Eclipse to work with Leopard - after you've sorted out your server.

    SWT Newsgroups
    Inside SWT
  7. jSunbeam macrumors regular

    Nov 9, 2007
    someone earlier said:

    it's no longer in /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock',
    in Leopard it's moved to here: /private/tmp/mysql.sock

    what you need to do is not copy anything, but create a mysql folder in /var/lib, and link it to /private/tmp/mysql.sock on the command line. should sort you out.
  8. UltraNEO* macrumors 601


    Jun 16, 2007
    I don't think that'll work - but you can try. However, it does say 'if you leave it empty it'll just try to use the MySQL's default'... which will cause an error. Also i forget to mention, it's in your php.ini file located in /private/etc/php.ini

    (If there isn't one, copy php.ini.default and rename it to php.ini) after,
    open it and search for the following:

    Search for: mysql.default_socket =
    change it to: mysql.default_socket = /private/tmp/mysql.sock

    Search for: mysqli.default_socket =
    change it to: mysqli.default_socket = /private/tmp/mysql.sock

    here's my
    located in:
    (for your reference I've highlighted what I've changed)

    # This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file.  It contains the
    # configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
    # See <URL:> for detailed information.
    # In particular, see 
    # <URL:>
    # for a discussion of each configuration directive.
    # Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
    # what they do.  They're here only as hints or reminders.  If you are unsure
    # consult the online docs. You have been warned.  
    # Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
    # of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
    # server will use that explicit path.  If the filenames do *not* begin
    # with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "/private/var/log/apache2/foo.log"
    # with ServerRoot set to "/usr" will be interpreted by the
    # server as "/usr//private/var/log/apache2/foo.log".
    # ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
    # configuration, error, and log files are kept.
    # Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path.  If you point
    # ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to point the LockFile directive
    # at a local disk.  If you wish to share the same ServerRoot for multiple
    # httpd daemons, you will need to change at least LockFile and PidFile.
    ServerRoot "/usr"
    # Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
    # ports, instead of the default. See also the <VirtualHost>
    # directive.
    # Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to 
    # prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses.
    Listen 80
    # Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support
    # To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you
    # have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this location so the
    # directives contained in it are actually available _before_ they are used.
    # Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l') do not need
    # to be loaded here.
    # Example:
    # LoadModule foo_module modules/
    LoadModule authn_file_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule authn_dbm_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule authn_anon_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule authn_dbd_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule authn_default_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule authz_host_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule authz_groupfile_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule authz_user_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule authz_dbm_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule authz_owner_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule authz_default_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule auth_basic_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule auth_digest_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule cache_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule disk_cache_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule mem_cache_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule dbd_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule dumpio_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule ext_filter_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule include_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule filter_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule deflate_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule log_config_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule log_forensic_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule logio_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule env_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule mime_magic_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule cern_meta_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule expires_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule headers_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule ident_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule usertrack_module libexec/apache2/
    #LoadModule unique_id_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule setenvif_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule version_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule proxy_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule proxy_connect_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule proxy_ftp_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule proxy_http_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule proxy_ajp_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule proxy_balancer_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule ssl_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule mime_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule dav_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule status_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule autoindex_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule asis_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule info_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule cgi_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule dav_fs_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule vhost_alias_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule negotiation_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule dir_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule imagemap_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule actions_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule speling_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule userdir_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule alias_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule rewrite_module libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule bonjour_module     libexec/apache2/
    [COLOR=Red]LoadModule php5_module        libexec/apache2/
    LoadModule fastcgi_module     libexec/apache2/[/COLOR]
    <IfModule !mpm_netware_module>
    # If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run
    # httpd as root initially and it will switch.  
    # User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.
    # It is usually good practice to create a dedicated user and group for
    # running httpd, as with most system services.
    User www
    Group www
    # 'Main' server configuration
    # The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main'
    # server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a
    # <VirtualHost> definition.  These values also provide defaults for
    # any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file.
    # All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers,
    # in which case these default settings will be overridden for the
    # virtual host being defined.
    # ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be
    # e-mailed.  This address appears on some server-generated pages, such
    # as error documents.  e.g.
    # ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.
    # This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify
    # it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.
    # If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.
    # DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
    # documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
    # symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
    DocumentRoot "/Library/WebServer/Documents"
    # Each directory to which Apache has access can be configured with respect
    # to which services and features are allowed and/or disabled in that
    # directory (and its subdirectories). 
    # First, we configure the "default" to be a very restrictive set of 
    # features.  
    <Directory />
        Options FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride None
        Order deny,allow
        Deny from all
    # Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow
    # particular features to be enabled - so if something's not working as
    # you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it
    # below.
    # This should be changed to whatever you set DocumentRoot to.
    <Directory "/Library/WebServer/Documents">
        # Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
        # or any combination of:
        #   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
        # Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
        # doesn't give it to you.
        # The Options directive is both complicated and important.  Please see
        # for more information.
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
        # AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
        # It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
        #   Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
        AllowOverride None
        # Controls who can get stuff from this server.
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    # DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory
    # is requested.
    <IfModule dir_module>
        DirectoryIndex index.html
    # The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being 
    # viewed by Web clients. 
    <FilesMatch "^\.([Hh][Tt]|[Dd][Ss]_[Ss])">
        Order allow,deny
        Deny from all
        Satisfy All
    # Apple specific filesystem protection.
    <Files "rsrc">
        Order allow,deny
        Deny from all
        Satisfy All
    <DirectoryMatch ".*\.\.namedfork">
        Order allow,deny
        Deny from all
        Satisfy All
    # ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
    # If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
    # container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
    # logged here.  If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>
    # container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
    ErrorLog /private/var/log/apache2/error_log
    # LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
    # Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
    # alert, emerg.
    LogLevel warn
    <IfModule log_config_module>
        # The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
        # a CustomLog directive (see below).
        LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
        LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
        <IfModule logio_module>
          # You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O
          LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio
        # The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format).
        # If you do not define any access logfiles within a <VirtualHost>
        # container, they will be logged here.  Contrariwise, if you *do*
        # define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions will be
        # logged therein and *not* in this file.
        CustomLog /private/var/log/apache2/access_log common
        # If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer information
        # (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.
        #CustomLog /private/var/log/apache2/access_log combined
    <IfModule alias_module>
        # Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to 
        # exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client 
        # will make a new request for the document at its new location.
        # Example:
        # Redirect permanent /foo
        # Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
        # access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
        # Example:
        # Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
        # If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will
        # require it to be present in the URL.  You will also likely
        # need to provide a <Directory> section to allow access to
        # the filesystem path.
        # ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts. 
        # ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
        # documents in the target directory are treated as applications and
        # run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the
        # client.  The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias
        # directives as to Alias.
        ScriptAliasMatch ^/cgi-bin/((?!(?i:webobjects)).*$) "/Library/WebServer/CGI-Executables/$1"
    <IfModule cgid_module>
        # ScriptSock: On threaded servers, designate the path to the UNIX
        # socket used to communicate with the CGI daemon of mod_cgid.
        #Scriptsock /private/var/run/cgisock
    # "/Library/WebServer/CGI-Executables" should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
    # CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
    <Directory "/Library/WebServer/CGI-Executables">
        AllowOverride None
        Options None
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    # DefaultType: the default MIME type the server will use for a document
    # if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename extensions.
    # If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, "text/plain" is
    # a good value.  If most of your content is binary, such as applications
    # or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" instead to
    # keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are
    # text.
    DefaultType text/plain
    <IfModule mime_module>
        # TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappings from
        # filename extension to MIME-type.
        TypesConfig /private/etc/apache2/mime.types
        # AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration
        # file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.
        #AddType application/x-gzip .tgz
        # AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
        # information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
        #AddEncoding x-compress .Z
        #AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz
        # If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
        # probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
        AddType application/x-compress .Z
        AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz
        # AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers":
        # actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
        # or added with the Action directive (see below)
        # To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
        # (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" directive.)
        #AddHandler cgi-script .cgi
        # For type maps (negotiated resources):
        #AddHandler type-map var
        # Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.
        # To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
        # (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" directive.)
        #AddType text/html .shtml
        #AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml
    # The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the
    # contents of the file itself to determine its type.  The MIMEMagicFile
    # directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.
    #MIMEMagicFile /private/etc/apache2/magic
    # Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
    # 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
    # Some examples:
    #ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
    #ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
    #ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/"
    #ErrorDocument 402
    # EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it, 
    # memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall is used to deliver
    # files.  This usually improves server performance, but must
    # be turned off when serving from networked-mounted 
    # filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise
    # broken on your system.
    #EnableMMAP off
    #EnableSendfile off
    # Supplemental configuration
    # The configuration files in the /private/etc/apache2/extra/ directory can be 
    # included to add extra features or to modify the default configuration of 
    # the server, or you may simply copy their contents here and change as 
    # necessary.
    # Server-pool management (MPM specific)
    Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-mpm.conf
    # Multi-language error messages
    #Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-multilang-errordoc.conf
    # Fancy directory listings
    Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf
    # Language settings
    Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-languages.conf
    # User home directories
    Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-userdir.conf
    # Real-time info on requests and configuration
    #Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-info.conf
    # Virtual hosts
    #Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf
    # Local access to the Apache HTTP Server Manual
    Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-manual.conf
    # Distributed authoring and versioning (WebDAV)
    #Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-dav.conf
    # Various default settings
    #Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-default.conf
    # Secure (SSL/TLS) connections
    #Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-ssl.conf
    # Note: The following must must be present to support
    #       starting without SSL on platforms with no /dev/random equivalent
    #       but a statically compiled-in mod_ssl.
    <IfModule ssl_module>
    SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
    SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
    Include /private/etc/apache2/other/*.conf

    here's my php.ini
    located in: /private/etc/php.ini
    (for your reference I've highlighted what I've changed)

    ; WARNING ;
    ; This is the default settings file for new PHP installations.
    ; By default, PHP installs itself with a configuration suitable for
    ; development purposes, and *NOT* for production purposes.
    ; For several security-oriented considerations that should be taken
    ; before going online with your site, please consult php.ini-recommended
    ; and
    ; About php.ini   ;
    ; This file controls many aspects of PHP's behavior.  In order for PHP to
    ; read it, it must be named 'php.ini'.  PHP looks for it in the current
    ; working directory, in the path designated by the environment variable
    ; PHPRC, and in the path that was defined in compile time (in that order).
    ; Under Windows, the compile-time path is the Windows directory.  The
    ; path in which the php.ini file is looked for can be overridden using
    ; the -c argument in command line mode.
    ; The syntax of the file is extremely simple.  Whitespace and Lines
    ; beginning with a semicolon are silently ignored (as you probably guessed).
    ; Section headers (e.g. [Foo]) are also silently ignored, even though
    ; they might mean something in the future.
    ; Directives are specified using the following syntax:
    ; directive = value
    ; Directive names are *case sensitive* - foo=bar is different from FOO=bar.
    ; The value can be a string, a number, a PHP constant (e.g. E_ALL or M_PI), one
    ; of the INI constants (On, Off, True, False, Yes, No and None) or an expression
    ; (e.g. E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE), or a quoted string ("foo").
    ; Expressions in the INI file are limited to bitwise operators and parentheses:
    ; |        bitwise OR
    ; &        bitwise AND
    ; ~        bitwise NOT
    ; !        boolean NOT
    ; Boolean flags can be turned on using the values 1, On, True or Yes.
    ; They can be turned off using the values 0, Off, False or No.
    ; An empty string can be denoted by simply not writing anything after the equal
    ; sign, or by using the None keyword:
    ;  foo =         ; sets foo to an empty string
    ;  foo = none    ; sets foo to an empty string
    ;  foo = "none"  ; sets foo to the string 'none'
    ; If you use constants in your value, and these constants belong to a
    ; dynamically loaded extension (either a PHP extension or a Zend extension),
    ; you may only use these constants *after* the line that loads the extension.
    ; About this file ;
    ; All the values in the php.ini-dist file correspond to the builtin
    ; defaults (that is, if no php.ini is used, or if you delete these lines,
    ; the builtin defaults will be identical).
    ; Language Options ;
    ; Enable the PHP scripting language engine under Apache.
    engine = On
    ; Enable compatibility mode with Zend Engine 1 (PHP 4.x)
    zend.ze1_compatibility_mode = Off
    ; Allow the <? tag.  Otherwise, only <?php and <script> tags are recognized.
    ; NOTE: Using short tags should be avoided when developing applications or
    ; libraries that are meant for redistribution, or deployment on PHP
    ; servers which are not under your control, because short tags may not
    ; be supported on the target server. For portable, redistributable code,
    ; be sure not to use short tags.
    short_open_tag = On
    ; Allow ASP-style <% %> tags.
    asp_tags = Off
    ; The number of significant digits displayed in floating point numbers.
    precision    =  12
    ; Enforce year 2000 compliance (will cause problems with non-compliant browsers)
    y2k_compliance = On
    ; Output buffering allows you to send header lines (including cookies) even
    ; after you send body content, at the price of slowing PHP's output layer a
    ; bit.  You can enable output buffering during runtime by calling the output
    ; buffering functions.  You can also enable output buffering for all files by
    ; setting this directive to On.  If you wish to limit the size of the buffer
    ; to a certain size - you can use a maximum number of bytes instead of 'On', as
    ; a value for this directive (e.g., output_buffering=4096).
    output_buffering = Off
    ; You can redirect all of the output of your scripts to a function.  For
    ; example, if you set output_handler to "mb_output_handler", character
    ; encoding will be transparently converted to the specified encoding.
    ; Setting any output handler automatically turns on output buffering.
    ; Note: People who wrote portable scripts should not depend on this ini
    ;       directive. Instead, explicitly set the output handler using ob_start().
    ;       Using this ini directive may cause problems unless you know what script
    ;       is doing.
    ; Note: You cannot use both "mb_output_handler" with "ob_iconv_handler"
    ;       and you cannot use both "ob_gzhandler" and "zlib.output_compression".
    ; Note: output_handler must be empty if this is set 'On' !!!!
    ;       Instead you must use zlib.output_handler.
    ;output_handler =
    ; Transparent output compression using the zlib library
    ; Valid values for this option are 'off', 'on', or a specific buffer size
    ; to be used for compression (default is 4KB)
    ; Note: Resulting chunk size may vary due to nature of compression. PHP
    ;       outputs chunks that are few hundreds bytes each as a result of
    ;       compression. If you prefer a larger chunk size for better
    ;       performance, enable output_buffering in addition.
    ; Note: You need to use zlib.output_handler instead of the standard
    ;       output_handler, or otherwise the output will be corrupted.
    zlib.output_compression = Off
    ;zlib.output_compression_level = -1
    ; You cannot specify additional output handlers if zlib.output_compression
    ; is activated here. This setting does the same as output_handler but in
    ; a different order.
    ;zlib.output_handler =
    ; Implicit flush tells PHP to tell the output layer to flush itself
    ; automatically after every output block.  This is equivalent to calling the
    ; PHP function flush() after each and every call to print() or echo() and each
    ; and every HTML block.  Turning this option on has serious performance
    ; implications and is generally recommended for debugging purposes only.
    implicit_flush = Off
    ; The unserialize callback function will be called (with the undefined class'
    ; name as parameter), if the unserializer finds an undefined class
    ; which should be instantiated.
    ; A warning appears if the specified function is not defined, or if the
    ; function doesn't include/implement the missing class.
    ; So only set this entry, if you really want to implement such a
    ; callback-function.
    ; When floats & doubles are serialized store serialize_precision significant
    ; digits after the floating point. The default value ensures that when floats
    ; are decoded with unserialize, the data will remain the same.
    serialize_precision = 100
    ; Whether to enable the ability to force arguments to be passed by reference
    ; at function call time.  This method is deprecated and is likely to be
    ; unsupported in future versions of PHP/Zend.  The encouraged method of
    ; specifying which arguments should be passed by reference is in the function
    ; declaration.  You're encouraged to try and turn this option Off and make
    ; sure your scripts work properly with it in order to ensure they will work
    ; with future versions of the language (you will receive a warning each time
    ; you use this feature, and the argument will be passed by value instead of by
    ; reference).
    allow_call_time_pass_reference = On
    ; Safe Mode
    safe_mode = Off
    ; By default, Safe Mode does a UID compare check when
    ; opening files. If you want to relax this to a GID compare,
    ; then turn on safe_mode_gid.
    safe_mode_gid = Off
    ; When safe_mode is on, UID/GID checks are bypassed when
    ; including files from this directory and its subdirectories.
    ; (directory must also be in include_path or full path must
    ; be used when including)
    safe_mode_include_dir =
    ; When safe_mode is on, only executables located in the safe_mode_exec_dir
    ; will be allowed to be executed via the exec family of functions.
    safe_mode_exec_dir =
    ; Setting certain environment variables may be a potential security breach.
    ; This directive contains a comma-delimited list of prefixes.  In Safe Mode,
    ; the user may only alter environment variables whose names begin with the
    ; prefixes supplied here.  By default, users will only be able to set
    ; environment variables that begin with PHP_ (e.g. PHP_FOO=BAR).
    ; Note:  If this directive is empty, PHP will let the user modify ANY
    ; environment variable!
    safe_mode_allowed_env_vars = PHP_
    ; This directive contains a comma-delimited list of environment variables that
    ; the end user won't be able to change using putenv().  These variables will be
    ; protected even if safe_mode_allowed_env_vars is set to allow to change them.
    safe_mode_protected_env_vars = LD_LIBRARY_PATH
    ; open_basedir, if set, limits all file operations to the defined directory
    ; and below.  This directive makes most sense if used in a per-directory
    ; or per-virtualhost web server configuration file. This directive is
    ; *NOT* affected by whether Safe Mode is turned On or Off.
    ;open_basedir =
    ; This directive allows you to disable certain functions for security reasons.
    ; It receives a comma-delimited list of function names. This directive is
    ; *NOT* affected by whether Safe Mode is turned On or Off.
    disable_functions =
    ; This directive allows you to disable certain classes for security reasons.
    ; It receives a comma-delimited list of class names. This directive is
    ; *NOT* affected by whether Safe Mode is turned On or Off.
    disable_classes =
    ; Colors for Syntax Highlighting mode.  Anything that's acceptable in
    ; <span style="color: ???????"> would work.
    ;highlight.string  = #DD0000
    ;highlight.comment = #FF9900
    ;highlight.keyword = #007700
    ;      = #FFFFFF
    ;highlight.default = #0000BB
    ;highlight.html    = #000000
    ; If enabled, the request will be allowed to complete even if the user aborts
    ; the request. Consider enabling it if executing long request, which may end up
    ; being interrupted by the user or a browser timing out.
    ; ignore_user_abort = On
    ; Determines the size of the realpath cache to be used by PHP. This value should
    ; be increased on systems where PHP opens many files to reflect the quantity of
    ; the file operations performed.
    ; realpath_cache_size=16k
    ; Duration of time, in seconds for which to cache realpath information for a given
    ; file or directory. For systems with rarely changing files, consider increasing this
    ; value.
    ; realpath_cache_ttl=120
    ; Misc
    ; Decides whether PHP may expose the fact that it is installed on the server
    ; (e.g. by adding its signature to the Web server header).  It is no security
    ; threat in any way, but it makes it possible to determine whether you use PHP
    ; on your server or not.
    expose_php = On
    ; Resource Limits ;
    max_execution_time = 30     ; Maximum execution time of each script, in seconds
    max_input_time = 60    ; Maximum amount of time each script may spend parsing request data
    ;max_input_nesting_level = 64 ; Maximum input variable nesting level
    memory_limit = 128M      ; Maximum amount of memory a script may consume (128MB)
    ; Error handling and logging ;
    ; error_reporting is a bit-field.  Or each number up to get desired error
    ; reporting level
    ; E_ALL             - All errors and warnings (doesn't include E_STRICT)
    ; E_ERROR           - fatal run-time errors
    ; E_RECOVERABLE_ERROR  - almost fatal run-time errors
    ; E_WARNING         - run-time warnings (non-fatal errors)
    ; E_PARSE           - compile-time parse errors
    ; E_NOTICE          - run-time notices (these are warnings which often result
    ;                     from a bug in your code, but it's possible that it was
    ;                     intentional (e.g., using an uninitialized variable and
    ;                     relying on the fact it's automatically initialized to an
    ;                     empty string)
    ; E_STRICT          - run-time notices, enable to have PHP suggest changes
    ;                     to your code which will ensure the best interoperability
    ;                     and forward compatibility of your code
    ; E_CORE_ERROR      - fatal errors that occur during PHP's initial startup
    ; E_CORE_WARNING    - warnings (non-fatal errors) that occur during PHP's
    ;                     initial startup
    ; E_COMPILE_ERROR   - fatal compile-time errors
    ; E_COMPILE_WARNING - compile-time warnings (non-fatal errors)
    ; E_USER_ERROR      - user-generated error message
    ; E_USER_WARNING    - user-generated warning message
    ; E_USER_NOTICE     - user-generated notice message
    ; Examples:
    ;   - Show all errors, except for notices and coding standards warnings
    ;error_reporting = E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE
    ;   - Show all errors, except for notices
    ;error_reporting = E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE | E_STRICT
    ;   - Show only errors
    ;   - Show all errors except for notices and coding standards warnings
    error_reporting  =  E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE
    ; Print out errors (as a part of the output).  For production web sites,
    ; you're strongly encouraged to turn this feature off, and use error logging
    ; instead (see below).  Keeping display_errors enabled on a production web site
    ; may reveal security information to end users, such as file paths on your Web
    ; server, your database schema or other information.
    ; possible values for display_errors:
    ; Off        - Do not display any errors
    ; stderr     - Display errors to STDERR (affects only CGI/CLI binaries!)
    ;display_errors = "stderr"
    ; stdout (On) - Display errors to STDOUT
    display_errors = On
    ; Even when display_errors is on, errors that occur during PHP's startup
    ; sequence are not displayed.  It's strongly recommended to keep
    ; display_startup_errors off, except for when debugging.
    display_startup_errors = Off
    ; Log errors into a log file (server-specific log, stderr, or error_log (below))
    ; As stated above, you're strongly advised to use error logging in place of
    ; error displaying on production web sites.
    log_errors = Off
    ; Set maximum length of log_errors. In error_log information about the source is
    ; added. The default is 1024 and 0 allows to not apply any maximum length at all.
    log_errors_max_len = 1024
    ; Do not log repeated messages. Repeated errors must occur in same file on same
    ; line until ignore_repeated_source is set true.
    ignore_repeated_errors = Off
    ; Ignore source of message when ignoring repeated messages. When this setting
    ; is On you will not log errors with repeated messages from different files or
    ; source lines.
    ignore_repeated_source = Off
    ; If this parameter is set to Off, then memory leaks will not be shown (on
    ; stdout or in the log). This has only effect in a debug compile, and if
    ; error reporting includes E_WARNING in the allowed list
    report_memleaks = On
    ;report_zend_debug = 0
    ; Store the last error/warning message in $php_errormsg (boolean).
    track_errors = Off
    ; Disable the inclusion of HTML tags in error messages.
    ; Note: Never use this feature for production boxes.
    ;html_errors = Off
    ; If html_errors is set On PHP produces clickable error messages that direct
    ; to a page describing the error or function causing the error in detail.
    ; You can download a copy of the PHP manual from
    ; and change docref_root to the base URL of your local copy including the
    ; leading '/'. You must also specify the file extension being used including
    ; the dot.
    ; Note: Never use this feature for production boxes.
    ;docref_root = "/phpmanual/"
    ;docref_ext = .html
    ; String to output before an error message.
    ;error_prepend_string = "<font color=ff0000>"
    ; String to output after an error message.
    ;error_append_string = "</font>"
    ; Log errors to specified file.
    ;error_log = filename
    ; Log errors to syslog (Event Log on NT, not valid in Windows 95).
    ;error_log = syslog
    ; Data Handling ;
    ; Note - track_vars is ALWAYS enabled as of PHP 4.0.3
    ; The separator used in PHP generated URLs to separate arguments.
    ; Default is "&".
    ;arg_separator.output = "&"
    ; List of separator(s) used by PHP to parse input URLs into variables.
    ; Default is "&".
    ; NOTE: Every character in this directive is considered as separator!
    ;arg_separator.input = ";&"
    ; This directive describes the order in which PHP registers GET, POST, Cookie,
    ; Environment and Built-in variables (G, P, C, E & S respectively, often
    ; referred to as EGPCS or GPC).  Registration is done from left to right, newer
    ; values override older values.
    variables_order = "EGPCS"
    ; Whether or not to register the EGPCS variables as global variables.  You may
    ; want to turn this off if you don't want to clutter your scripts' global scope
    ; with user data.  This makes most sense when coupled with track_vars - in which
    ; case you can access all of the GPC variables through the $HTTP_*_VARS[],
    ; variables.
    ; You should do your best to write your scripts so that they do not require
    ; register_globals to be on;  Using form variables as globals can easily lead
    ; to possible security problems, if the code is not very well thought of.
    register_globals = Off
    ; Whether or not to register the old-style input arrays, HTTP_GET_VARS
    ; and friends.  If you're not using them, it's recommended to turn them off,
    ; for performance reasons.
    register_long_arrays = On
    ; This directive tells PHP whether to declare the argv&argc variables (that
    ; would contain the GET information).  If you don't use these variables, you
    ; should turn it off for increased performance.
    register_argc_argv = On
    ; When enabled, the SERVER and ENV variables are created when they're first
    ; used (Just In Time) instead of when the script starts. If these variables
    ; are not used within a script, having this directive on will result in a
    ; performance gain. The PHP directives register_globals, register_long_arrays,
    ; and register_argc_argv must be disabled for this directive to have any affect.
    auto_globals_jit = On
    ; Maximum size of POST data that PHP will accept.
    post_max_size = 8M
    ; Magic quotes
    ; Magic quotes for incoming GET/POST/Cookie data.
    magic_quotes_gpc = On
    ; Magic quotes for runtime-generated data, e.g. data from SQL, from exec(), etc.
    magic_quotes_runtime = Off
    ; Use Sybase-style magic quotes (escape ' with '' instead of \').
    magic_quotes_sybase = Off
    ; Automatically add files before or after any PHP document.
    auto_prepend_file =
    auto_append_file =
    ; As of 4.0b4, PHP always outputs a character encoding by default in
    ; the Content-type: header.  To disable sending of the charset, simply
    ; set it to be empty.
    ; PHP's built-in default is text/html
    default_mimetype = "text/html"
    ;default_charset = "iso-8859-1"
    ; Always populate the $HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA variable.
    ;always_populate_raw_post_data = On
    ; Paths and Directories ;
    ; UNIX: "/path1:/path2"
    ;include_path = ".:/php/includes"
    ; Windows: "\path1;\path2"
    ;include_path = ".;c:\php\includes"
    ; The root of the PHP pages, used only if nonempty.
    ; if PHP was not compiled with FORCE_REDIRECT, you SHOULD set doc_root
    ; if you are running php as a CGI under any web server (other than IIS)
    ; see documentation for security issues.  The alternate is to use the
    ; cgi.force_redirect configuration below
    doc_root =
    ; The directory under which PHP opens the script using /~username used only
    ; if nonempty.
    user_dir =
    ; Directory in which the loadable extensions (modules) reside.
    extension_dir = "./"
    ; Whether or not to enable the dl() function.  The dl() function does NOT work
    ; properly in multithreaded servers, such as IIS or Zeus, and is automatically
    ; disabled on them.
    enable_dl = On
    ; cgi.force_redirect is necessary to provide security running PHP as a CGI under
    ; most web servers.  Left undefined, PHP turns this on by default.  You can
    ; turn it off here AT YOUR OWN RISK
    ; **You CAN safely turn this off for IIS, in fact, you MUST.**
    ; cgi.force_redirect = 1
    ; if cgi.nph is enabled it will force cgi to always sent Status: 200 with
    ; every request.
    ; cgi.nph = 1
    ; if cgi.force_redirect is turned on, and you are not running under Apache or Netscape
    ; (iPlanet) web servers, you MAY need to set an environment variable name that PHP
    ; will look for to know it is OK to continue execution.  Setting this variable MAY
    ; cause security issues, KNOW WHAT YOU ARE DOING FIRST.
    ; cgi.redirect_status_env = ;
    ; cgi.fix_pathinfo provides *real* PATH_INFO/PATH_TRANSLATED support for CGI.  PHP's
    ; previous behaviour was to set PATH_TRANSLATED to SCRIPT_FILENAME, and to not grok
    ; what PATH_INFO is.  For more information on PATH_INFO, see the cgi specs.  Setting
    ; this to 1 will cause PHP CGI to fix it's paths to conform to the spec.  A setting
    ; of zero causes PHP to behave as before.  Default is 1.  You should fix your scripts
    ; to use SCRIPT_FILENAME rather than PATH_TRANSLATED.
    ; cgi.fix_pathinfo=0
    ; FastCGI under IIS (on WINNT based OS) supports the ability to impersonate
    ; security tokens of the calling client.  This allows IIS to define the
    ; security context that the request runs under.  mod_fastcgi under Apache
    ; does not currently support this feature (03/17/2002)
    ; Set to 1 if running under IIS.  Default is zero.
    ; fastcgi.impersonate = 1;
    ; Disable logging through FastCGI connection
    ; fastcgi.logging = 0
    ; cgi.rfc2616_headers configuration option tells PHP what type of headers to
    ; use when sending HTTP response code. If it's set 0 PHP sends Status: header that
    ; is supported by Apache. When this option is set to 1 PHP will send
    ; RFC2616 compliant header.
    ; Default is zero.
    ;cgi.rfc2616_headers = 0
    ; File Uploads ;
    ; Whether to allow HTTP file uploads.
    file_uploads = On
    ; Temporary directory for HTTP uploaded files (will use system default if not
    ; specified).
    ;upload_tmp_dir =
    ; Maximum allowed size for uploaded files.
    upload_max_filesize = 2M
    ; Fopen wrappers ;
    ; Whether to allow the treatment of URLs (like http:// or ftp://) as files.
    allow_url_fopen = On
    ; Whether to allow include/require to open URLs (like http:// or ftp://) as files.
    allow_url_include = Off
    ; Define the anonymous ftp password (your email address)
    ; Define the User-Agent string
    ; user_agent="PHP"
    ; Default timeout for socket based streams (seconds)
    default_socket_timeout = 60
    ; If your scripts have to deal with files from Macintosh systems,
    ; or you are running on a Mac and need to deal with files from
    ; unix or win32 systems, setting this flag will cause PHP to
    ; automatically detect the EOL character in those files so that
    ; fgets() and file() will work regardless of the source of the file.
    ; auto_detect_line_endings = Off
    ; Dynamic Extensions ;
    ; If you wish to have an extension loaded automatically, use the following
    ; syntax:
    ;   extension=modulename.extension
    ; For example, on Windows:
    ;   extension=msql.dll
    ; ... or under UNIX:
    ; Note that it should be the name of the module only; no directory information
    ; needs to go here.  Specify the location of the extension with the
    ; extension_dir directive above.
    ; Windows Extensions
    ; Note that ODBC support is built in, so no dll is needed for it.
    ; Note that many DLL files are located in the extensions/ (PHP 4) ext/ (PHP 5)
    ; extension folders as well as the separate PECL DLL download (PHP 5).
    ; Be sure to appropriately set the extension_dir directive.
    ; Module Settings ;
    ; Defines the default timezone used by the date functions
    ;date.timezone =
    ;date.default_latitude = 31.7667
    ;date.default_longitude = 35.2333
    ;date.sunrise_zenith = 90.583333
    ;date.sunset_zenith = 90.583333
    ;filter.default = unsafe_raw
    ;filter.default_flags =
    ;iconv.input_encoding = ISO-8859-1
    ;iconv.internal_encoding = ISO-8859-1
    ;iconv.output_encoding = ISO-8859-1
    ;sqlite.assoc_case = 0
    ;xmlrpc_error_number = 0
    ;xmlrpc_errors = 0
    ;PCRE library backtracking limit.
    ;PCRE library recursion limit. 
    ;Please note that if you set this value to a high number you may consume all 
    ;the available process stack and eventually crash PHP (due to reaching the 
    ;stack size limit imposed by the Operating System).
    ; Whether or not to define the various syslog variables (e.g. $LOG_PID,
    ; $LOG_CRON, etc.).  Turning it off is a good idea performance-wise.  In
    ; runtime, you can define these variables by calling define_syslog_variables().
    define_syslog_variables  = Off
    [mail function]
    ; For Win32 only.
    SMTP = localhost
    smtp_port = 25
    ; For Win32 only.
    ;sendmail_from =
    ; For Unix only.  You may supply arguments as well (default: "sendmail -t -i").
    ;sendmail_path =
    ; Force the addition of the specified parameters to be passed as extra parameters
    ; to the sendmail binary. These parameters will always replace the value of
    ; the 5th parameter to mail(), even in safe mode.
    ;mail.force_extra_parameters =
    sql.safe_mode = Off
    ;odbc.default_db    =  Not yet implemented
    ;odbc.default_user  =  Not yet implemented
    ;odbc.default_pw    =  Not yet implemented
    ; Allow or prevent persistent links.
    odbc.allow_persistent = On
    ; Check that a connection is still valid before reuse.
    odbc.check_persistent = On
    ; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
    odbc.max_persistent = -1
    ; Maximum number of links (persistent + non-persistent).  -1 means no limit.
    odbc.max_links = -1
    ; Handling of LONG fields.  Returns number of bytes to variables.  0 means
    ; passthru.
    odbc.defaultlrl = 4096
    ; Handling of binary data.  0 means passthru, 1 return as is, 2 convert to char.
    ; See the documentation on odbc_binmode and odbc_longreadlen for an explanation
    ; of uodbc.defaultlrl and uodbc.defaultbinmode
    odbc.defaultbinmode = 1
    ; Allow or prevent persistent links.
    mysql.allow_persistent = On
    ; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
    mysql.max_persistent = -1
    ; Maximum number of links (persistent + non-persistent).  -1 means no limit.
    mysql.max_links = -1
    ; Default port number for mysql_connect().  If unset, mysql_connect() will use
    ; the $MYSQL_TCP_PORT or the mysql-tcp entry in /etc/services or the
    ; compile-time value defined MYSQL_PORT (in that order).  Win32 will only look
    ; at MYSQL_PORT.
    mysql.default_port =
    ; Default socket name for local MySQL connects.  If empty, uses the built-in
    ; MySQL defaults.
    [COLOR=Red] mysql.default_socket = /private/tmp/mysql.sock[/COLOR]
    ; Default host for mysql_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
    mysql.default_host =
    ; Default user for mysql_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
    mysql.default_user =
    ; Default password for mysql_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
    ; Note that this is generally a *bad* idea to store passwords in this file.
    ; *Any* user with PHP access can run 'echo get_cfg_var("mysql.default_password")
    ; and reveal this password!  And of course, any users with read access to this
    ; file will be able to reveal the password as well.
    mysql.default_password =
    ; Maximum time (in seconds) for connect timeout. -1 means no limit
    mysql.connect_timeout = 60
    ; Trace mode. When trace_mode is active (=On), warnings for table/index scans and
    ; SQL-Errors will be displayed.
    mysql.trace_mode = Off
    ; Maximum number of links.  -1 means no limit.
    mysqli.max_links = -1
    ; Default port number for mysqli_connect().  If unset, mysqli_connect() will use
    ; the $MYSQL_TCP_PORT or the mysql-tcp entry in /etc/services or the
    ; compile-time value defined MYSQL_PORT (in that order).  Win32 will only look
    ; at MYSQL_PORT.
    mysqli.default_port = 3306
    ; Default socket name for local MySQL connects.  If empty, uses the built-in
    ; MySQL defaults.
    [COLOR=Red] mysqli.default_socket = /private/tmp/mysql.sock[/COLOR]
    ; Default host for mysql_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
    mysqli.default_host =
    ; Default user for mysql_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
    mysqli.default_user =
    ; Default password for mysqli_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
    ; Note that this is generally a *bad* idea to store passwords in this file.
    ; *Any* user with PHP access can run 'echo get_cfg_var("mysqli.default_pw")
    ; and reveal this password!  And of course, any users with read access to this
    ; file will be able to reveal the password as well.
    mysqli.default_pw =
    ; Allow or prevent reconnect
    mysqli.reconnect = Off
    ; Allow or prevent persistent links.
    msql.allow_persistent = On
    ; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
    msql.max_persistent = -1
    ; Maximum number of links (persistent+non persistent).  -1 means no limit.
    msql.max_links = -1
    ; enables privileged connections using external credentials (OCI_SYSOPER, OCI_SYSDBA)
    ;oci8.privileged_connect = Off
    ; Connection: The maximum number of persistent OCI8 connections per
    ; process. Using -1 means no limit.
    ;oci8.max_persistent = -1
    ; Connection: The maximum number of seconds a process is allowed to
    ; maintain an idle persistent connection. Using -1 means idle
    ; persistent connections will be maintained forever.
    ;oci8.persistent_timeout = -1
    ; Connection: The number of seconds that must pass before issuing a
    ; ping during oci_pconnect() to check the connection validity. When
    ; set to 0, each oci_pconnect() will cause a ping. Using -1 disables
    ; pings completely.
    ;oci8.ping_interval = 60
    ; Tuning: This option enables statement caching, and specifies how
    ; many statements to cache. Using 0 disables statement caching.
    ;oci8.statement_cache_size = 20
    ; Tuning: Enables statement prefetching and sets the default number of
    ; rows that will be fetched automatically after statement execution.
    ;oci8.default_prefetch = 10
    ; Compatibility. Using On means oci_close() will not close
    ; oci_connect() and oci_new_connect() connections.
    ;oci8.old_oci_close_semantics = Off
    ; Allow or prevent persistent links.
    pgsql.allow_persistent = On
    ; Detect broken persistent links always with pg_pconnect().
    ; Auto reset feature requires a little overheads.
    pgsql.auto_reset_persistent = Off
    ; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
    pgsql.max_persistent = -1
    ; Maximum number of links (persistent+non persistent).  -1 means no limit.
    pgsql.max_links = -1
    ; Ignore PostgreSQL backends Notice message or not.
    ; Notice message logging require a little overheads.
    pgsql.ignore_notice = 0
    ; Log PostgreSQL backends Noitce message or not.
    ; Unless pgsql.ignore_notice=0, module cannot log notice message.
    pgsql.log_notice = 0
    ; Allow or prevent persistent links.
    sybase.allow_persistent = On
    ; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
    sybase.max_persistent = -1
    ; Maximum number of links (persistent + non-persistent).  -1 means no limit.
    sybase.max_links = -1
    ;sybase.interface_file = "/usr/sybase/interfaces"
    ; Minimum error severity to display.
    sybase.min_error_severity = 10
    ; Minimum message severity to display.
    sybase.min_message_severity = 10
    ; Compatibility mode with old versions of PHP 3.0.
    ; If on, this will cause PHP to automatically assign types to results according
    ; to their Sybase type, instead of treating them all as strings.  This
    ; compatibility mode will probably not stay around forever, so try applying
    ; whatever necessary changes to your code, and turn it off.
    sybase.compatability_mode = Off
    ; Allow or prevent persistent links.
    sybct.allow_persistent = On
    ; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
    sybct.max_persistent = -1
    ; Maximum number of links (persistent + non-persistent).  -1 means no limit.
    sybct.max_links = -1
    ; Minimum server message severity to display.
    sybct.min_server_severity = 10
    ; Minimum client message severity to display.
    sybct.min_client_severity = 10
    ; Number of decimal digits for all bcmath functions.
    bcmath.scale = 0
    ;browscap = extra/browscap.ini
    ; Default host for ifx_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
    ifx.default_host =
    ; Default user for ifx_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
    ifx.default_user =
    ; Default password for ifx_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
    ifx.default_password =
    ; Allow or prevent persistent links.
    ifx.allow_persistent = On
    ; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
    ifx.max_persistent = -1
    ; Maximum number of links (persistent + non-persistent).  -1 means no limit.
    ifx.max_links = -1
    ; If on, select statements return the contents of a text blob instead of its id.
    ifx.textasvarchar = 0
    ; If on, select statements return the contents of a byte blob instead of its id.
    ifx.byteasvarchar = 0
    ; Trailing blanks are stripped from fixed-length char columns.  May help the
    ; life of Informix SE users.
    ifx.charasvarchar = 0
    ; If on, the contents of text and byte blobs are dumped to a file instead of
    ; keeping them in memory.
    ifx.blobinfile = 0
    ; NULL's are returned as empty strings, unless this is set to 1.  In that case,
    ; NULL's are returned as string 'NULL'.
    ifx.nullformat = 0
    ; Handler used to store/retrieve data.
    session.save_handler = files
    ; Argument passed to save_handler.  In the case of files, this is the path
    ; where data files are stored. Note: Windows users have to change this
    ; variable in order to use PHP's session functions.
    ; As of PHP 4.0.1, you can define the path as:
    ;     session.save_path = "N;/path"
    ; where N is an integer.  Instead of storing all the session files in
    ; /path, what this will do is use subdirectories N-levels deep, and
    ; store the session data in those directories.  This is useful if you
    ; or your OS have problems with lots of files in one directory, and is
    ; a more efficient layout for servers that handle lots of sessions.
    ; NOTE 1: PHP will not create this directory structure automatically.
    ;         You can use the script in the ext/session dir for that purpose.
    ; NOTE 2: See the section on garbage collection below if you choose to
    ;         use subdirectories for session storage
    ; The file storage module creates files using mode 600 by default.
    ; You can change that by using
    ;     session.save_path = "N;MODE;/path"
    ; where MODE is the octal representation of the mode. Note that this
    ; does not overwrite the process's umask.
    ;session.save_path = "/tmp"
    ; Whether to use cookies.
    session.use_cookies = 1
    ;session.cookie_secure = 
    ; This option enables administrators to make their users invulnerable to
    ; attacks which involve passing session ids in URLs; defaults to 0.
    ; session.use_only_cookies = 1
    ; Name of the session (used as cookie name). = PHPSESSID
    ; Initialize session on request startup.
    session.auto_start = 0
    ; Lifetime in seconds of cookie or, if 0, until browser is restarted.
    session.cookie_lifetime = 0
    ; The path for which the cookie is valid.
    session.cookie_path = /
    ; The domain for which the cookie is valid.
    session.cookie_domain =
    ; Whether or not to add the httpOnly flag to the cookie, which makes it inaccessible to browser scripting languages such as JavaScript.
    session.cookie_httponly = 
    ; Handler used to serialize data.  php is the standard serializer of PHP.
    session.serialize_handler = php
    ; Define the probability that the 'garbage collection' process is started
    ; on every session initialization.
    ; The probability is calculated by using gc_probability/gc_divisor,
    ; e.g. 1/100 means there is a 1% chance that the GC process starts
    ; on each request.
    session.gc_probability = 1
    session.gc_divisor     = 100
    ; After this number of seconds, stored data will be seen as 'garbage' and
    ; cleaned up by the garbage collection process.
    session.gc_maxlifetime = 1440
    ; NOTE: If you are using the subdirectory option for storing session files
    ;       (see session.save_path above), then garbage collection does *not*
    ;       happen automatically.  You will need to do your own garbage
    ;       collection through a shell script, cron entry, or some other method.
    ;       For example, the following script would is the equivalent of
    ;       setting session.gc_maxlifetime to 1440 (1440 seconds = 24 minutes):
    ;          cd /path/to/sessions; find -cmin +24 | xargs rm
    ; PHP 4.2 and less have an undocumented feature/bug that allows you to
    ; to initialize a session variable in the global scope, albeit register_globals
    ; is disabled.  PHP 4.3 and later will warn you, if this feature is used.
    ; You can disable the feature and the warning separately. At this time,
    ; the warning is only displayed, if bug_compat_42 is enabled.
    session.bug_compat_42 = 1
    session.bug_compat_warn = 1
    ; Check HTTP Referer to invalidate externally stored URLs containing ids.
    ; HTTP_REFERER has to contain this substring for the session to be
    ; considered as valid.
    session.referer_check =
    ; How many bytes to read from the file.
    session.entropy_length = 0
    ; Specified here to create the session id.
    session.entropy_file =
    ;session.entropy_length = 16
    ;session.entropy_file = /dev/urandom
    ; Set to {nocache,private,public,} to determine HTTP caching aspects
    ; or leave this empty to avoid sending anti-caching headers.
    session.cache_limiter = nocache
    ; Document expires after n minutes.
    session.cache_expire = 180
    ; trans sid support is disabled by default.
    ; Use of trans sid may risk your users security.
    ; Use this option with caution.
    ; - User may send URL contains active session ID
    ;   to other person via. email/irc/etc.
    ; - URL that contains active session ID may be stored
    ;   in publically accessible computer.
    ; - User may access your site with the same session ID
    ;   always using URL stored in browser's history or bookmarks.
    session.use_trans_sid = 0
    ; Select a hash function
    ; 0: MD5   (128 bits)
    ; 1: SHA-1 (160 bits)
    session.hash_function = 0
    ; Define how many bits are stored in each character when converting
    ; the binary hash data to something readable.
    ; 4 bits: 0-9, a-f
    ; 5 bits: 0-9, a-v
    ; 6 bits: 0-9, a-z, A-Z, "-", ","
    session.hash_bits_per_character = 4
    ; The URL rewriter will look for URLs in a defined set of HTML tags.
    ; form/fieldset are special; if you include them here, the rewriter will
    ; add a hidden <input> field with the info which is otherwise appended
    ; to URLs.  If you want XHTML conformity, remove the form entry.
    ; Note that all valid entries require a "=", even if no value follows.
    url_rewriter.tags = "a=href,area=href,frame=src,input=src,form=,fieldset="
    ; Allow or prevent persistent links.
    mssql.allow_persistent = On
    ; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
    mssql.max_persistent = -1
    ; Maximum number of links (persistent+non persistent).  -1 means no limit.
    mssql.max_links = -1
    ; Minimum error severity to display.
    mssql.min_error_severity = 10
    ; Minimum message severity to display.
    mssql.min_message_severity = 10
    ; Compatibility mode with old versions of PHP 3.0.
    mssql.compatability_mode = Off
    ; Connect timeout
    ;mssql.connect_timeout = 5
    ; Query timeout
    ;mssql.timeout = 60
    ; Valid range 0 - 2147483647.  Default = 4096.
    ;mssql.textlimit = 4096
    ; Valid range 0 - 2147483647.  Default = 4096.
    ;mssql.textsize = 4096
    ; Limits the number of records in each batch.  0 = all records in one batch.
    ;mssql.batchsize = 0
    ; Specify how datetime and datetim4 columns are returned
    ; On => Returns data converted to SQL server settings
    ; Off => Returns values as YYYY-MM-DD hh:mm:ss
    ;mssql.datetimeconvert = On
    ; Use NT authentication when connecting to the server
    mssql.secure_connection = Off
    ; Specify max number of processes. -1 = library default
    ; msdlib defaults to 25
    ; FreeTDS defaults to 4096
    ;mssql.max_procs = -1
    ; Specify client character set. 
    ; If empty or not set the client charset from freetds.comf is used
    ; This is only used when compiled with FreeTDS
    ;mssql.charset = "ISO-8859-1"
    ; Assert(expr); active by default.
    ; = On
    ; Issue a PHP warning for each failed assertion.
    ;assert.warning = On
    ; Don't bail out by default.
    ;assert.bail = Off
    ; User-function to be called if an assertion fails.
    ;assert.callback = 0
    ; Eval the expression with current error_reporting().  Set to true if you want
    ; error_reporting(0) around the eval().
    ;assert.quiet_eval = 0
    ; path to a file containing GUIDs, IIDs or filenames of files with TypeLibs
    ;com.typelib_file =
    ; allow Distributed-COM calls
    ;com.allow_dcom = true
    ; autoregister constants of a components typlib on com_load()
    ;com.autoregister_typelib = true
    ; register constants casesensitive
    ;com.autoregister_casesensitive = false
    ; show warnings on duplicate constant registrations
    ;com.autoregister_verbose = true
    ; language for internal character representation.
    ;mbstring.language = Japanese
    ; internal/script encoding.
    ; Some encoding cannot work as internal encoding.
    ; (e.g. SJIS, BIG5, ISO-2022-*)
    ;mbstring.internal_encoding = EUC-JP
    ; http input encoding.
    ;mbstring.http_input = auto
    ; http output encoding. mb_output_handler must be
    ; registered as output buffer to function
    ;mbstring.http_output = SJIS
    ; enable automatic encoding translation according to
    ; mbstring.internal_encoding setting. Input chars are
    ; converted to internal encoding by setting this to On.
    ; Note: Do _not_ use automatic encoding translation for
    ;       portable libs/applications.
    ;mbstring.encoding_translation = Off
    ; automatic encoding detection order.
    ; auto means
    ;mbstring.detect_order = auto
    ; substitute_character used when character cannot be converted
    ; one from another
    ;mbstring.substitute_character = none;
    ; overload(replace) single byte functions by mbstring functions.
    ; mail(), ereg(), etc are overloaded by mb_send_mail(), mb_ereg(),
    ; etc. Possible values are 0,1,2,4 or combination of them.
    ; For example, 7 for overload everything.
    ; 0: No overload
    ; 1: Overload mail() function
    ; 2: Overload str*() functions
    ; 4: Overload ereg*() functions
    ;mbstring.func_overload = 0
    ;fbsql.allow_persistent = On
    ;fbsql.autocommit = On
    ;fbsql.show_timestamp_decimals = Off
    ;fbsql.default_database =
    ;fbsql.default_database_password =
    ;fbsql.default_host =
    ;fbsql.default_password =
    ;fbsql.default_user = "_SYSTEM"
    ;fbsql.generate_warnings = Off
    ;fbsql.max_connections = 128
    ;fbsql.max_links = 128
    ;fbsql.max_persistent = -1
    ;fbsql.max_results = 128
    ; Tell the jpeg decode to libjpeg warnings and try to create
    ; a gd image. The warning will then be displayed as notices
    ; disabled by default
    ;gd.jpeg_ignore_warning = 0
    ; Exif UNICODE user comments are handled as UCS-2BE/UCS-2LE and JIS as JIS.
    ; With mbstring support this will automatically be converted into the encoding
    ; given by corresponding encode setting. When empty mbstring.internal_encoding
    ; is used. For the decode settings you can distinguish between motorola and
    ; intel byte order. A decode setting cannot be empty.
    ;exif.encode_unicode = ISO-8859-15
    ;exif.decode_unicode_motorola = UCS-2BE
    ;exif.decode_unicode_intel    = UCS-2LE
    ;exif.encode_jis =
    ;exif.decode_jis_motorola = JIS
    ;exif.decode_jis_intel    = JIS
    ; The path to a default tidy configuration file to use when using tidy
    ;tidy.default_config = /usr/local/lib/php/default.tcfg
    ; Should tidy clean and repair output automatically?
    ; WARNING: Do not use this option if you are generating non-html content
    ; such as dynamic images
    tidy.clean_output = Off
    ; Enables or disables WSDL caching feature.
    ; Sets the directory name where SOAP extension will put cache files.
    ; (time to live) Sets the number of second while cached file will be used 
    ; instead of original one.
    ; Local Variables:
    ; tab-width: 4
    ; End:
  9. Littleodie914 thread starter macrumors 68000


    Jun 9, 2004
    Rochester, NY
    Thanks for all the help so far guys, I really appreciate it. As big as MySQL is, I'm really surprised they haven't compiled a Leopard binary yet. :confused:

    Anyway, I made all the changes to the php.ini file and also created a symbolic link pointing from /var/lib/mysql/ to /private/tmp/, but now I get this error:

    ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/private/var/mysql/mysql.sock' (38)
    It's the same error as above, *except* the error code at the end is (38) instead of (2).

    I googled the MySQL error codes, and (2) represents a "File not found" error, while (38) represents a "Function not implemented" error. I'm getting more confused by the second. :confused: If I had my Tiger disks, I would be tempted to downgrade, install MySQL, then upgrade back to Leopard. :rolleyes:

    Edit: The new error seems to be based on the fact that I'm using the mysql.sock file from my old computer. Removing it from /private/tmp/ results in error (2), putting it back results in error (38).

    Edit 2: I fixed it! Turns out I had to run the ./mysql_install_db *as root* to get the initial databases installed. I remember doing this before and failing, maybe it was also plagued by the new Leopard directory issues. Anyway, after that command, I just started as I usually do, and everything went fine! Thanks so much for your help, I hope this thread helps somebody else with the same problem. :D
  10. UltraNEO* macrumors 601


    Jun 16, 2007
    Hmmm.. why downgrade?

    If your thinking of a full reinstall, you can just do a quick archive and install, this should reset all your system files including Apache/MySQL/PHP to Leopards default.

    Then, you can install MySQL 5.0.45,
    edit the httpd.conf and php.ini as mentioned above.

    Setup your root password with the terminal, using:

    /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password newpassword

    Restart your webserver and bob's your uncle. :)

    Rest is up to you!
  11. Averiz macrumors newbie

    Jan 11, 2008
    Could you be a little more specific. From where did you run that command. I tried it after the error in the Terminal.

    ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/tmp/mysql.sock' (2)
    michael-rizzos-mac-pro:~ intelg5$ sudo ./mysql_install_db
    sudo: ./mysql_install_db: command not found
    michael-rizzos-mac-pro:~ intelg5$ ./mysql_install_db
    -bash: ./mysql_install_db: No such file or directory
    michael-rizzos-mac-pro:~ intelg5$ mysql
    ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/tmp/mysql.sock' (2)​

    Thanks - This is driving me crazy!
  12. po3 macrumors newbie

    Mar 12, 2008
    I could use some more explanation as well. I'm having the same issue. Can anyone help me out?

  13. cruzdrew macrumors newbie

    Oct 19, 2006

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