I'm always a little surprised/peeved that the rangefinder format hasn't translated well into digital. The only real option is Leica, which is crazy expensive and prohibitive because of this for most. It requires a little more work and understanding of photography compared to phones, P&Ss, or even DSLRs, but the rewards can be great (I just answered my own question...). There are some things that a rangefinder does really well, possibly better than a DSLR. They are light and compact. While slightly larger and heavier than a P&S, they give the same quality and shooting options as a full frame DSLR. Very good for travel or street photography. Because of the manual focus, they can't compare to a DSLR for action photography. They also suffer on the long-end, so not good at all for birding or other nature photography. But for what can be shot within their limits, they are very, very good. The viewfinder is bright (usually better than a DSLR which is limited to displaying an image at f/2.8 even if the lens is actually faster). On a rangefinder, you see quite a bit more through the viewfinder in low-light compared to a DSLR. You also see outside of the image frame, which can help with composition. The biggest advantage (and biggest detraction) is manual focus. For action, a rangefinder is a frustrating tool. For static compositions, the manual focus can actually be an advantage. With a rangefinder camera, you can often set focus without looking through the viewfinder. If you want everything in focus, it is ridiculously easy to set the lens to the hyperfocal distance where everything is in focus for a given aperture. Decide on the closest element that needs to be in focus and then adjust the focus ring until the infinity symbol hits an aperture marking on the right that corresponds to your required close focus distance on the left. Focus is done. Change your aperture to that aperture. Compose through the viewfinder and shoot. For shots where you don't want everything in focus it's a similar process. Focus through the viewfinder. Decide on the DOF you want. Look at the DOF scale on the lens. Adjust aperture as needed to make sure what you want to be in focus will be in focus. Compose and shoot. It is certainly possible to just shoot by focusing through the viewfinder. This is what I do most of the time. Manual focus is actually much easier with a rangefinder compared to a DSLR. But there are times that being able to view the DOF on the lens barrel makes it easier to choose the appropriate aperture for a given composition. Harder and harder to do this with a DSLR as modern lenses don't include DOF scales on the lens barrel. Manual focus can allow you to pre-focus and then just shoot as your subject changes dynamically (I've captured some candids of people this way by having focus fixed beforehand and holding the camera away from my face at chest level or on a table and tripping the shutter at the "right" moment"). With an auto-focus camera these shots get trickier since you don't know beforehand what the auto-focus will choose as the subject. With open apertures or close subject distances (situations where focus is critical) you have to focus with the viewfinder and trip the shutter with the camera held to your eye just like with a DSLR. But focusing with the lens barrel can be quite useful at times. Rangefinders aren't perfect and they are worse than DSLRs for some applications. The lack of zoom, their focusing issues with longer lenses, parallax affecting composition, etc. But they are fantastic for certain shooting styles/situations. Small size/weight, excellent image quality, easy access to important controls. Bums me out that there aren't consumer-level digital rangefinder cameras. I understand the reasons--most people want a fully automatic camera that does everything for them. The quirks of a rangefinder wouldn't appeal to casual photographers and some of their limitations wouldn't appeal to many experienced photographers. Pity. I sometimes read posts on this forum with people asking for camera advice and a rangefinder sounds perfect for their needs. The small size/weight and excellent image quality compare quite well to a DSLR. They can also be fantastic tools when learning photography. I find that I stop and think more when using a rangefinder. Possible a consumer-level digital rangefinder would work really well for some people. Doubt it will ever happen though. The Fujifilm X100 kind of hit it, but not sure it really captures the rangefinder experience. Don't know enough about the next version, the X100S to comment about it.