Same situation with my 6s. Sent it in for its 2nd replacement battery last week. For whatever reason they didn't but instead sent me a new 6s (assumed a refurbished)
I’ve been warned by Apple repair techs that opening up any iPhone to replace the battery carries a risk of wrecking the phone in the process. Your experience validates that.
This is the reason they insist people back up their iPhone before sending it in and turning off Find My.