Former Apple Employee Charged With Theft of Trade Secrets Related to Autonomous Car Project [Updated]

Discussion in ' News Discussion' started by MacRumors, Jul 10, 2018.

  1. MacRumors macrumors bot


    Apr 12, 2001

    The United States Federal Bureau of Investigation this week charged former Apple employee Xiaolang Zhang with theft of trade secrets, according to documents filed with the Northern District Court of California.

    Zhang was hired at Apple in December of 2015 to work on Project Titan, developing software and hardware for use in autonomous vehicles. Zhang specifically worked on Apple's Compute Team, designing and testing circuit boards to analyze sensor data.

    The intellectual property disclosure on one of the documents Zhang stole​

    He was provided with "broad access to secure and confidential internal databases" due to his position, which contained trade secrets and intellectual property for the autonomous driving project that he ultimately ended up stealing.

    In April 2018, Zhang took family leave from Apple following the birth of his child, and during that time, he visited China. Shortly after, he told his supervisor at Apple he was leaving the company and moving to China to work for XMotors, a Chinese startup that also focuses on autonomous vehicle technology.

    Zhang's supervisor felt that he had "been evasive" during the meeting, which led Apple's New Product Security Team to begin an investigation, looking into Zhang's historical network activity and analyzing his Apple devices, which were seized when he resigned.

    Apple found that just prior to Zhang's departure, his network activity had "increased exponentially" compared to the prior two years he had worked at Apple. He accessed content that included prototypes and prototype requirements, which the court documents specify as power requirements, low voltage requirements, battery system, and drivetrain suspension mounts.
    A review of recorded footage at Apple indicated Zhang had visited the campus on the evening of Saturday, April 28, entering both Apple's autonomous vehicle software and hardware labs, which coincided with data download times, and he left with a box of hardware.

    In a second interview with Apple's security team, Zhang admitted to taking both online data and hardware (a Linux server and circuit boards) from Apple during his paternity leave. He also admitted to AirDropping sensitive content from his own device to his wife's laptop.

    All of Apple's evidence was relayed to the FBI after the company's Digital Forensic Investigations team discovered that at least 60 percent of the data Zhang had downloaded and transferred to his wife's computer was "highly problematic." The FBI, in the court filing, describes the information as "largely technical in nature, including engineering schematics, technical reference manuals, and technical reports."

    Of interest, the filing also gives a glimpse into Apple's security protocols. To access sensitive projects like Titan, an employee must be logged into Apple's virtual private network and must be granted "disclosure," a status that can only be granted when an employee is sponsored by another employee who already has access to the project, with an administrator reviewing all requests. Approximately 5,000 Apple employees have access to data on Apple's autonomous driving efforts, with the databases Zhang accessed further restricted to approximately 2,700 "core employees."

    When hired, Zhang signed an Intellectual Property Agreement and attended a mandatory in-person secrecy training session, which he violated. Zhang was interviewed by the FBI in late June, where he admitted to stealing the information, and he was later arrested attempting to leave to China on July 7.

    For stealing Apple's trade secrets, Zhang is facing up to 10 years in prison and a $250,000 fine.

    It's no surprise that Apple cracked down on Zhang. Shortly before Zhang's theft was discovered, Apple sent out a lengthy cautionary memo to employees warning them against leaking data to the media. In the letter, Apple said that in 2017, it caught 29 leakers, with 12 of those individuals being arrested and charged.

    Update: Apple provided the following statement on the case to TechCrunch: "Apple takes confidentiality and the protection of our intellectual property very seriously. We're working with authorities on this matter and will do everything possible to make sure this individual and any other individuals involved are held accountable for their actions."

    Update 2: XMotors said there is no indication that Zhang ever communicated any sensitive information from Apple to XMotors, according to Reuters. XMotors also said the firm had terminated Zhang and is supporting local authorities.

    Update 3: On July 16, Zhang pled not guilty to the charges.

    Article Link: Former Apple Employee Charged With Theft of Trade Secrets Related to Autonomous Car Project [Updated]
  2. KPandian1 macrumors 65816

    Oct 22, 2013
    The cost of producing in China - those in-home developed (aka native technology) Chinese telecom companies!
  3. eoblaed macrumors 68020


    Apr 21, 2010
    Well, that's going to be a conversation starter on his resume.
  4. mozumder macrumors 6502a

    Mar 9, 2009
    So did the Chinese company actually acquire the Apple data?
  5. Blackstick macrumors 6502a


    Aug 11, 2014
    Sunny South Florida
    He took the “great artists steal” thought to the next level.
  6. BasicGreatGuy Contributor


    Sep 21, 2012
    In the middle of several books.
    Glad to see Apple found out and took swift action. Hope he gets the maximum sentence.
  7. Mikey44 macrumors member


    Mar 6, 2012
    Well... I think this confirms that they were working on a car.
  8. eoblaed macrumors 68020


    Apr 21, 2010
  9. usarioclave macrumors 65816

    Sep 26, 2003
    You'd think that huge amounts of data access would be a red flag for their security people, especially at off hours.
  10. djlythium macrumors 6502a


    Jun 11, 2014
  11. Crzyrio macrumors 65816

    Jul 6, 2010
    There is no such thing as off hours in Silicon Valley :p
  12. Mimiron macrumors member

    Dec 12, 2017
  13. seatton macrumors 6502a


    Nov 7, 2013
    Seattle, WA
  14. acorntoy macrumors 65816

    May 25, 2010
  15. macduke macrumors G3


    Jun 27, 2007
    Central U.S.
    Glad they caught him, but it also makes you wonder how many get away? Also rather surprised at how many people were working on Apple's car project. Though weren't they rumored to have scaled it back to just autonomous driving? Still, it shows that Apple was really going all-in there for a while. Hopefully they haven't shelved it entirely and will be able to come back to it in the future, much like they did with the iPad when they pivoted to making the iPhone.
  16. JohnGrey macrumors 6502


    Apr 21, 2012
    Cincinnati Metro
    There's no way this wasn't a state-sponsored quid pro quo to give the Chinese company a leg up on automated vehicles. This will continue until there's a 100% punitive embargo on China, including their strategic staples like pork, requiring them to deliver full economic compensation for theft of intellectual property and complete monitored compliance with WTO regulation. Until that happens, this is equivalent to letting banks make tens of billions in fraudulent instruments and then fining them a few million in damages. Their investors don't care about the public and brand cost so long as the penalties are a tiny fraction of profits. China doesn't care either because, at the moment, the benefits outweigh the cost.
  17. JPack macrumors 68040


    Mar 27, 2017
    Did Apple have any meaningful research data?
  18. ricktat macrumors 65816

    Feb 18, 2013
    probably not.... jokes on him and the company that most likely gave him a big signing bonus
  19. vertical smile macrumors 68040

    vertical smile

    Sep 23, 2014
    Or a autonomous driving system(hardware and software) that could be added to multiple auto manufacturers.

    Think CarPlay, but a lot more complex.

    That is my guess.
  20. Macalway, Jul 10, 2018
    Last edited: Jul 10, 2018

    Macalway macrumors 68030

    Aug 7, 2013
    I like the 'trying to flee the country' part. Must have been exciting. Just standing there in line at security check-in wondering (knowing) you're as good as cooked. Gotta give it the old 'Spy Try' though.

  21. Jimmy James macrumors 601

    Jimmy James

    Oct 26, 2008
    I guess Apple’s autonomous car project is no longer autonomous.
  22. Mabus51 macrumors 65816

    Aug 16, 2007
    Tim Cook has already publically stated that they aren't working on building a car, but the software & sensors that drive them. He has also stated that Apple has no interest in manufacturing cars like Tesla but have more interest in working with the automotive industry as a whole.
  23. ugahairydawgs macrumors 68030


    Jun 10, 2010
    This guy is either incredibly naive or incredibly stupid, and I almost lean towards the former. Surely a guy in that kind of position would know that Apple can track him with access badges, security cameras and monitor all of his network traffic for anything he would be searching for and downloading. So to take physical equipment out of the building (on camera) and then transfer proprietary data to a personal laptop knowing that you're on the way out.....just doesn't make logical sense.

    You would think if you're pulling off a master heist like that you'd just leave for China as soon as you walk out of the building on April 30. But he stuck around. And willingly gave up personal devices for Apple to search.

    Who knows....maybe he's both naive and stupid.
  24. Macalway macrumors 68030

    Aug 7, 2013
    Yeah like this stupid car thing is going to work anyway. They need a grid for it to work, not some deadly hack. Worth a study I guess.

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