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iOS 15.4 and macOS Monterey 12.3 introduce Universal Control, a long-awaited feature that Apple first previewed at the 2021 Worldwide Developers Conference.

Universal-Control-Colored-Feature.jpg

Universal Control is designed to allow you to control multiple Macs and iPads with a single trackpad/mouse and keyboard, and this Universal Control guide covers the ins and outs of the feature and answers all the questions you might have about how it works.

What is Universal Control?

Universal Control streamlines multi-device workspaces by allowing you to use the same peripherals across multiple Macs and iPads.

With Universal Control, you can use your main Mac's trackpad and keyboard to control additional Macs and/or iPads nearby, so you don't need a desk cluttered up with more than one set of input devices.

How Does Universal Control Work?

Universal Control is a system-level feature that is designed to work automatically when a Mac running macOS Monterey 12.3 or later is paired with another Mac also with macOS 12.3 or an iPad running iPadOS 15.4. There is no setup for Universal Control - it works right after updating to the latest operating system updates.


To use Universal Control, sign into a Mac and an iPad or another Mac with the same Apple ID and then place them near each other. From there, use the trackpad on one of your devices to navigate the cursor to the screen of your other device. It should pop right over from one display to the next.

Let's say you have a MacBook Pro and an iPad Pro. You can set the iPad Pro up next to your MacBook Pro and then use the MacBook Pro's keyboard and trackpad to navigate and type on the iPad. If your iPad has an attached keyboard and input device, such as the Magic Keyboard, it can be used to control the Mac.

Each individual device will still be running its respective operating system (macOS on the Mac and iPadOS on the iPad) but you won't need to bring in an extra keyboard or mouse if you want to work with multiple devices side by side.

If you're having trouble getting Universal Control working, make sure to restart both of your devices after installing the updates.

What are the Universal Control System Requirements?

Universal Control requires iPadOS 15.4 on an iPad and macOS Monterey 12.3 on a Mac. It is compatible with the following devices:

  • MacBook introduced in 2016 or later
  • MacBook Pro introduced in 2016 or later
  • MacBook Air introduced in 2018 or later
  • Mac mini introduced in 2018 or later
  • iMac introduced in 2017 or later, or iMac (Retina 5K, 27-inch, Late 2015)
  • iMac Pro
  • Mac Pro introduced in 2019 or later
  • Mac Studio
  • All iPad Pro models
  • iPad Air (3rd generation and later)
  • iPad (6th generation and later)
  • iPad mini (5th generation and later)

All devices must be signed into the same iCloud account, and two-factor authentication must be enabled. Bluetooth, WiFi, and Handoff must be enabled for wireless use, and the devices must be within 30 feet of one another. The iPad and Mac may not share a cellular and internet connection (so the Mac can't be tethered to the iPad), and over USB, the Mac must be trusted on the iPad. All machines must also use the same WiFi network, and a VPN cannot be enabled. If you use a VPN, it needs to be turned off for Universal Control to function.

Macs and iPads need to be within 30 feet of one another for Universal Control to work, and all devices where you want to use the feature need to be signed into the same Apple ID account. It will not work across devices signed into separate Apple ID accounts.

What Can I Do With Universal Control?

In addition to simply navigating around two or more devices with the same cursor, you can also use a single keyboard to type into text input fields, such as in Notes or Safari, effectively allowing you to use a single set of peripherals with all of your Apple devices.

universal-control-wwdc.jpeg

You can also drag and drop files between two devices, but note that if you're using an iPad and a Mac, you need to have an app open that's compatible with the file type. If you want to drag a photo from the Mac to the iPad, for example, make sure you open up the Photos app on the iPad first. Or if you have a document you want to move, open up the Files app on the iPad.

Dragging something from the iPad to the Mac is simpler because the Mac's desktop supports different file types, unlike the iPad's Home Screen. macOS gestures like three-finger swipe between pages are compatible on the iPad as well, since these are features supported by the Magic Keyboard.

Some multitouch gestures like Mission Control are not available on an iPad, and some are a little bit different. If you open up an app on the iPad and then want to exit out using the Mac's trackpad, you can use a three-finger swipe to do so. Alternatively, with a mouse, you can mouse down over the dock to bring it up to swap apps.

You can copy and paste content from one device to another using one keyboard as long as it's an app that supports text input, but this feature does not yet appear to be working properly with apps like Safari. Features like copy/paste will likely see some refinement during the beta testing process.

Can Universal Control Be Customized or Disabled?

If you go to System Preferences -> Displays -> Universal Control, you can find some customization options for Universal Control, two of which are already turned on.

universal-control-macos-monterey-12-3.jpg

  • Allow your cursor and keyboard to move between any nearby Mac or iPad - This setting toggles Universal Control on or off. If you don't want to use Universal Control, uncheck this box. It is turned on by default when you upgrade to macOS Monterey 12.3.
  • Push through the edge of a display to connect to a nearby Mac or iPad - Also enabled by default, this setting lets your Mac automatically connect to a nearby Mac or iPad by pushing the trackpad or mouse cursor to the edge of the display toward the other device.
  • Automatically reconnect to any nearby Mac or iPad - This setting is not enabled by default, but it is designed to allow your Mac to reconnect to any nearby Mac or iPad without having to push the cursor over toward the secondary device.
The Displays section of the Mac's System Preferences can also be useful if you want to rearrange how your devices are laid out to make sure Universal Control is operating as intended. If your iPad is to the left of your Mac, for example, you'll want to make sure the Displays section shows that arrangement so your Mac's cursor can pop over to the iPad's display when you pop it off of the left edge of the Mac's screen.

On the iPad, if you go to Settings -> General -> AirPlay & Handoff, you can toggle off "Cursor and Keyboard" if you don't want to use Universal Control.

universal-control-ipad.jpg

How Does Universal Control Compare to Sidecar?

Universal Control allows input devices like keyboards and trackpads to be shared across devices, while Sidecar is designed to allow you to mirror or extend your Mac's display to the iPad.


Sidecar is the feature you need if you want to use macOS across both your Mac and your connected iPad, while Universal Control is ideal if you simply want to share a mouse and keyboard between two or more devices. With Universal Control, your iPad will continue to use iPadOS and it will not display the same macOS interface that you'll see when using Sidecar.

Sidecar and Universal Control are separate features, but you can use them in tandem. For example, you can connect your Mac to one ‌iPad‌ via ‌Sidecar‌ for some extra macOS screen space, and on the other side of your Mac you could control a second ‌iPad‌ or Mac using your main Mac's keyboard and trackpad. You can even enable Sidecar and Universal Control on the same iPad, allowing you to swipe up on the Sidecar "app" to reveal your iPad's Home Screen with active mouse/trackpad support and Sidecar minimized in the Dock.

We have a full explainer on the differences between Sidecar and Universal control in our comprehensive Sidecar vs. Universal Control guide.

Does Universal Control Work With Third-Party Mice and Keyboards?

Yes. You do not need Apple peripherals for Universal Control to work. If you have a mouse from a company like Logitech, for example, it can be used with Universal Control across devices as long as it is connected to one of them. The same goes for third-party keyboards. It is worth noting, however, that some specialized mouse controls may not work on the iPad.

Does Universal Control Work With Apple Pencil?

No. Universal Control does not work with the Apple Pencil. Input and control are limited to connected trackpads, mice, and keyboards. A single mouse/trackpad and a single keyboard can be used to control multiple iPads and Macs.

Does Universal Control Work Between Two Macs?

Yes, Universal Control works between two or more Macs running macOS Monterey 12.3, even if there is no iPad. It can be used solely with the Mac.

Does Universal Control Work Between Two iPads with no Mac?

No. Though Universal Control can be used with two or more Macs and no iPad, at least one Mac is required for use on the iPad.

Two iPads without a Mac cannot take advantage of Universal Control, but if at least one Mac is in the mix, you can use the feature with multiple iPads.

Is Universal Control Available for iPhone?

No. Universal Control is a feature that is designed only for the Mac and the iPad. There is no option for controlling an iPhone with a Mac or iPad's mouse/trackpad and keyboard.

Does Universal Control Work With PCs or Android Smartphones?

No. As a feature that's linked to an Apple ID, Universal Control is only available on Apple devices. It can only be used on Macs and iPads running the appropriate software.

Does Universal Control Work on Intel Macs?

Yes. Universal Control is compatible with Macs that have Apple silicon chips and Macs that have Intel chips, as long as macOS Monterey 12.3 is supported.

Universal Control Troubleshooting

If you're having trouble getting Universal Control to work on your devices, we have a detailed troubleshooting guide that can help you figure out what's going wrong.

Guide Feedback

Have questions about Universal Control or want to offer feedback on this guide? Send us an email here.

Article Link: Universal Control: Everything You Need to Know
 
Last edited:

applicious84

macrumors 6502
Sep 1, 2020
447
864
Woah, that's a lot of restrictions, but the worst one is that my 2014 MacBook Pro won't work.

Also, I don't have any other macs or iPads, so none of it really matters. I feel like an iPhone would make a good mouse, kinda like it makes a pretty good roku remote for me
 
Well written.


Craig Federighi: Just like that! 🥺

I love this feature. Universal control on Mac and iPad is one of Apple's most magical features up to date. I can’t stress this out enough. It will save so much time when it comes to productivity. 🪄 💻🖱
 

RevTEG

macrumors 65816
Oct 28, 2012
1,222
1,002
San Jose, Ca
Well that’s unfortunate, my perfectly running and updated 2015 MBP missed the cutoff by a year. I guess I’ll run out and by a new MBP for this… 😏 Ok, maybe not.
 

macduke

macrumors G4
Jun 27, 2007
11,967
17,012
Central U.S.
Wow, this is going to be really great. If my iMac gets bogged down with a task, I can just mouse over to my 16" MBP and it has it's own CPU and RAM in a really seamless way. That's pretty wild. Time to bust out my old Rain Design Mstand and put it on the other side of my iMac, opposite my external display.

So what happens if you try moving a window from one Mac to another? Will it work if the same app is installed on both systems? Is there an API for developers to move files along with apps between devices? Such as moving Illustrator over with the AI file being worked on? I doubt it at this point but I hope they're at least working on something like that for version 2 at WWDC!

Another good idea would be to automatically open the Files app if you hover over a blank spot on your iPad's home screen. Or if you just drop it somewhere randomly on your Home Screen, it could open the Files app and have it in a "Desktop" holding area or something. IDK. Or maybe they could make it so you can drop it directly into a Files widget?

These are early days so I'm excited to see how these continue to integrate over the years.
 

turbineseaplane

macrumors G4
Mar 19, 2008
10,945
19,532
KVM switch with drag and drop across devices

Yes - sort of

You can also drag and drop files between two devices, but note that if you're using an iPad and a Mac, you need to have an app open that's compatible with the file type.

If you want to drag a photo from the Mac to the iPad, for example, make sure you open up the Photos app on the iPad first. Or if you have a document you want to move, open up the Files app on the iPad.
 
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Jim Lahey

macrumors 68000
Apr 8, 2014
1,578
3,014
Curious to know how this works if your iPad is to the left of your monitor but your physical Mac is somewhere else entirely. Maybe under a desk on the opposing side of your iPad, or maybe even across the room. Can’t quite get it clear in my head if the geographic relationship between the two devices matters after you’ve set where your iPad is in relation to the trackpad (or mouse) in the Mac settings 🤔
 
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ImaginaryNerve

macrumors member
Nov 11, 2020
82
71
Daytona Beach - Florida
Is the Mac Mini really not supported, or was it just left out of the article by mistake?
Universal Control requires iPadOS 15.4 on an iPad and macOS Monterey 12.3 on a Mac. It is compatible with the following devices:

  • MacBook Pro (2016 and later)
  • MacBook (2016 and later)
  • MacBook Air (2018 and later)
  • iMac (2017 and later)
  • iMac (5K Retina 27-inch, Late 2015)
  • iMac Pro, Mac mini (2018 and later)
  • Mac Pro (2019)
  • All iPad Pro models
  • iPad Air (3rd generation and later)
  • iPad (6th generation and later)
  • iPad mini (5th generation and later)

I thought the same thing, so I went through the list carefully. Mac Mini is listed next to the iMac Pro for some reason (same year, I assume?), but it is supported. This makes me happy as I love my Mini and being able to control it and my iMac with the same keyboard and mouse will be awesome.
 
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