MP 1,1-5,1 MP5,1: BootROM thread | 144.0.0.0.0

Status
The first post in this thread is a WikiPost, and can be edited by anyone with the appropriate permissions.

tsialex

macrumors 603
Original poster
Jun 13, 2016
6,477
7,109
Brazil
What I have to do to upgrade the firmware:

Remember that Mac Pro 5,1 don't install firmwares automatically with updates like every other supported Mac and all BootROM upgrades are manual.


If your Mac Pro have a BootROM earlier than MP51.0089.B00, to upgrade to 144.0.0.0.0 you will have to do:

  1. Download the full Mac App Store installer for 10.13.6, open it and then do as the installer says to upgrade to MP51.0089.B00, this needs a Mac EFI GPU. After the firmware upgrade reboot, you can close the installer app.
  2. Download the full Mac App Store installer for Mojave, the most recent one (10.14.6), open it and then do as the installer says to upgrade to 144.0.0.0.0. After the firmware upgrade reboot, you can close the installer app. This firmware upgrade requires a METAL supported GPU.
If your Mac Pro have a BootROM later than MP51.0089.B00, like 138/139/140.0.0.0.0 and want to upgrade to 144.0.0.0.0 you will have to do:

  • Download the full Mac App Store installer for Mojave, the most recent one (10.14.6), open it and then do as the installer says to upgrade to 144.0.0.0.0. After the firmware upgrade reboot, you can close the installer app. This firmware upgrade requires a METAL supported GPU.

- Mac Pro 5,1 recent firmware releases:

10.13 DP5 with MP51.0083.B00 with initial APFS support​
10.13 DP6 with MP51.0084.B00 with APFS support​
10.13.4 with MP51.0085.B00 (Mojave DP1/DP2/PB1/DP3/PB2 too)​
10.13.5 with MP51.0087.B00 missing the Intel Xeon microcodes​
10.13.6 with MP51.0089.B00 updating to the Spectre mitigated microcodes on the April 2 Microcode Update Guidance.​
10.14 DP7/PB6 with 138.0.0.0.0 with 5GT/s and new microcodes​
10.14.1 DP3 with 140.0.0.0.0 with NVMe support​
10.14.4 DP4 with 142.0.0.0.0 W3xxx Xeon "bricker" & updated APFSJumpStart EFI module​
10.14.5 DP1 with 142.0.0.0.0 again with W3xxx Xeon "bricker"​
10.14.5 DP4 with 144.0.0.0.0 lot's of corrections, booting improvements​
10.14.5 final with 144.0.0.0.0 lot's of corrections, booting improvements​

BootROM VersionReleased with:Type:Note:
MP51.0083.B0010.13 DP5BetaBeta APFS support
MP51.0084.B0010.13 DP6 and 10.13.0General ReleaseBeta APFS support
MP51.0085.B0010.13.4 and Mojave DP1 to DP3General releaseAPFS support
MP51.0087.B0010.13.5General releaseMissing microcodes
MP51.0089.B0010.13.6General releaseSpectre/Meltdown mitigated microcodes on the April 2 Microcode Update Guidance.
138.0.0.0.010.14 DP7 and 10.14.0General release5GT/s support for every PCIe 2.0 card
139.0.0.0.010.14.1 DP1Betaminor updates and corrections
140.0.0.0.010.14.1 DP3 and 10.14.1 to 10.14.4General releaseNVMe boot, minor updates and corrections
141.0.0.0.010.14.4 DP2Betaminor updates and corrections
142.0.0.0.010.14.4 DP4 and 10.14.5 DP1BetaUpdated APFSJumpStart EFI module - W3xxx Xeon bricker
144.0.0.0.010.14.5 DP4 and 10.14.5General releaselot's of corrections, booting improvements

EFI Release vs BIOS Version vs BootBlock Version Reference Table:


EFI Release:BIOS Version:BootBlock Version:
MP41.0081.B04MP41.88Z.0081.B04.0903051113AAPLEFI1.88Z.0004.I00.0901121311
MP41.0081.B07MP41.88Z.0081.B07.0910130729AAPLEFI1.88Z.0004.I00.0910130728
MP41.0081.B08MP41.88Z.0081.B08.1001221313AAPLEFI1.88Z.0004.I00.1001221311
MP51.007F.B00MP51.88Z.007F.B00.1008031144AAPLEFI1.88Z.0005.I00.1006041028
MP51.007F.B0?MP51.88Z.007F.B0?.??????????AAPLEFI1.88Z.0005.I00.1007141219
MP51.007F.B03MP51.88Z.007F.B03.1010071432AAPLEFI1.88Z.0005.I00.1010071430
MP51.0083.B00MP51.88Z.0083.B00.1707271620AAPLEFI1.88Z.0005.I00.1707271617
MP51.0084.B00MP51.88Z.0084.B00.1708080528AAPLEFI1.88Z.0005.I00.1708080525
MP51.0085.B00MP51.88Z.0085.B00.1802021746AAPLEFI1.88Z.0005.I00.1802021742
MP51.0087.B00MP51.88Z.0087.B00.1804181525AAPLEFI1.88Z.0005.I00.1804181521
MP51.0089.B00MP51.88Z.0089.B00.1806081708AAPLEFI1.88Z.0005.I00.1806081704
138.0.0.0.0MP51.88Z.F000.B00.1807300628AAPLEFI1.88Z.0005.I00.1807300627
139.0.0.0.0MP51.88Z.F000.B00.1808171030AAPLEFI1.88Z.0005.I00.1808171029
140.0.0.0.0MP51.88Z.F000.B00.1809191555AAPLEFI1.88Z.0005.I00.1809191554
141.0.0.0.0MP51.88Z.F000.B00.1812191621AAPLEFI1.88Z.0005.I00.1812191620
142.0.0.0.0MP51.88Z.F000.B00.1902142049AAPLEFI1.88Z.0005.I00.1902142048
144.0.0.0.0MP51.88Z.F000.B00.1904121248AAPLEFI1.88Z.0005.I00.1904121247



DON'T FLASH 142.0.0.0.0 IF YOU HAVE A XEON W3xxx.

ALL SINGLE CPU MAC PROS HAVE XEON W3xxx FROM FACTORY!

142.0.0.0.0 ONLY WORKS WITH X5xxx/E5xxx/L5xxx XEONS

YOU WILL NEED TO INSTALL A X5xxx/E5xxx/L5xxx XEON AND DOWNGRADE IF YOU UPGRADE TO 142.0.0.0.0 WITH A W3xxx.

Use this command line to check your Xeon model:

Code:
sysctl machdep.cpu.brand_string; system_profiler SPHardwareDataType
machdep.cpu.brand_string.png



20190304: 10.14.4 DP4 - 142.0.0.0.0


With todays 10.14.4 DP4, Apple released MP5,1 BootROM 142.0.0.0.0:

    • Build date is 20190214,
    • BootBlock version is APLEFI1.88Z.0005.I00.1902142048,
    • CRC32 is 64e8f5ea,
    • Updated APFSJumpStart DXE,
    • same microcodes as 138.0.0.0.0.
All supported Macs got new BootROMs, usually when this happens could be two things:


    • Some new EFI module that all Macs need, like the APFS one.
    • Security update that need firmware corrections to be implemented, like Thunderstrike and Meltdown.
Code:
$IBIOSI$ MP51.88Z.F000.B00.1902142049
Apple ROM Version
  Model:        MP51
  EFI Version:  142.0.0.0.0
  Date:         Thu Feb 14 20:43:08 2019
  Build Type:   Release
MP51.142.microcodes.png


20190204: 10.14.4 DP2 - 141.0.0.0.0

With todays 10.14.4 DP2, Apple released MP5,1 BootROM 141.0.0.0.0:

SystemReport_141.0.0.0.0.png



    • Build date is 20181219
    • CRC32 is 58ee7535.
    • same microcodes as 138.0.0.0.0
    • same NVMe module as 140.0.0.0.0

Code:
$IBIOSI$ MP51.88Z.F000.B00.1812191621
Apple ROM Version
  Model:        MP51
  EFI Version:  141.0.0.0.0
  Date:         Wed Dec 19 16:15:33 2018
  Build Type:   Release

20181030: 140.0.0.0.0 released with 10.14.1

Today Apple released 10.14.1 final, it's the same 140.0.0.0.0 BootROM released with 10.14.1 DP3.
(10.14.2 and 10.14.3 still have the same 140.0.0.0.0 BootROM)

The new Mac Pro BootROM with NVMe boot support is now released for everyone, but remember that Mac Pro 5,1 don't install firmwares automatically with updates like every other Mac.

Code:
$IBIOSI$ MP51.88Z.F000.B00.1809191555
Apple ROM Version
  Model:        MP51
  EFI Version:  140.0.0.0.0
  Date:         Wed Sep 19 15:49:52 2018
  Build Type:   Release
You have three ways to install 140.0.0.0.0 (updated to 10.14.3):


    • install 10.14.3 from scratch into another drive,
    • download and open Mac App Store full installer for 10.14.3 (~6GB download), the installer will ask you to perform the upgrade,
    • manually trigger the install with 10.14.3 RecoveryHDMetaDmg.pkg. Instructions in this post, use the current RecoveryHDMetaDmg.pkg (~450MB download).
Note 1:

You can't use the createinstallmedia pen drive to upgrade the firmware, you have to do it from macOS.

Note 2:

If you have a Metal supported GPU and you open the full Mac App Store installer and the installer tells you that your GPU don't have Metal, please report this bug to Apple. It's a bug with the detection of Metal support that the macOS installer has with some HD 79xx and RX-580 GPUs.

Please report to it to Apple: Submitting Bugs and Feedback

Note 3:

If you can't install 140.0.0.0.0 because of the Metal detection bug with some HD 79xx and RX-580 GPUs, boot 10.13.6 and run the full Mac App Store 10.14.2 installer from there. Worked for most people.

140.0.0.0.0 and previous macOS releases note:

Since a lot of people ask this question: firmware 140.0.0.0.0 can boot even 10.6.8, but only if your GPU has drivers for it. With RX-4xx/RX-5xx, you are limited to 10.12.6/10.13/10.14, per example.

NVMe and previous macOS support:

Apple started supporting NVMe protocol with Sierra, but only for blades with 4 Kbytes per sector. This seems counterintuitive since 512 Kbytes per sector are older, but Apple only supported their own NVMe drives and those are 4 Kbytes per sector. With High Sierra, Apple supports both 4 Kbytes and 512 bytes per sector blades.

So, to use your NVMe drive you are limited to Sierra and newer macOS versions for drives with 4 Kbytes per sector and only to High Sierra and Mojave for NVMe drives with 512 bytes per sector.

Most blades on the market are 512 bytes per sector, all Samsung OEM and consumer blades are 512 bytes per sector and usually only NVMe drives made for the datacenter market are 4 Kbytes per sector with the exception of some rare Toshiba and Intel blades that are 4 Kbytes too.

20181008: 10.14.1 DP3 with 140.0.0.0.0

Apple released 10.14.1 DP3 and 140.0.0.0.0 Mac Pro BootROM.

    • NVMe EFI module added and it's different than the one from MP61,
    • PCIe drives still recognised as external,
    • Same 29 & 31 microcodes from May,
    • No boot screens for UEFI cards.
Code:
$IBIOSI$ MP51.88Z.F000.B00.1809191555
Apple ROM Version
  Model:        MP51
  EFI Version:  140.0.0.0.0
  Date:         Wed Sep 19 15:49:52 2018
  Build Type:   Release
NVMe EFI module already injected:

Screen Shot 2018-10-08 at 15.18.42.png




First post about 140.0.0.0.0 #1455. You can read posts #1554 and #1569 to know how to install 140.0.0.0.0 manually or just wait for the final release of 10.14.1.


20180925: 10.14.1 DP1 with 139.0.0.0.0

Apple released 10.14.1 DP1 and 139.0.0.0.0 Mac Pro BootROM.

    • No boot screens for UEFI cards,
    • no NVMe EFI module added,
    • no FileVault2,
    • same microcodes,
    • still safe to insert the NVMe EFI module.
Code:
$IBIOSI$ MP51.88Z.F000.B00.1808171030
Apple ROM Version
  Model:        MP51
  EFI Version:  139.0.0.0.0
  Date:         Fri Aug 17 10:24:21 2018
  Build Type:   Release
First post about 139.0.0.0.0 #1242

20180813: 10.14 DP7 with 138.0.0.0.0

New BootROM 138.0.0.0.0 for Mac Pro 5,1 with updated microcodes (0x106A5 29 and 0x206C2 31), support for 5GT/s link speed on macOS/Windows without R17 mod, enabled HDMI audio on RX480 and new/improved firmware flasher on Mojave DP7/PB6 (18A365a) full installer.

Now seems you don't need a Mac EFI GPU to flash it, but the Mojave installer checks for a Metal supported one before upgrading the BootROM. @Squuiid confirmed flashing with a RX580, sadly without boot screens/boot selector.

Note 1:

Apple changed the versioning of the EFI from hex to decimal:

MP51.0084.B00 = 132.0.0.0.0
MP51.0085.B00 = 133.0.0.0.0
MP51.0087.B00 = 135.0.0.0.0
MP51.0089.B00 = 137.0.0.0.0


Note 2:

NVIDIA GPUs have a default mode of 2.5GT/s, only when in 3D use they go to 5GT/s, it's a power saving feature. Only eVGA GTX 680 Mac Edition and GPUs flashed with the same firmware show 5GT/s all the time into System Information.

Attention:

The new Firmware Flasher don't have the usual progress bar, just a grey screen on Mac EFI GPUs, or a black one with a PC GPU, and the usual DVD tray opening. Since the new flashing process don't have progress indicator/completion and seems to take longer to complete and shutdown the Mac Pro, you have to wait until the shutdown/restart.

MP51_BootROM_138.0.0.0.0.png


Updated microcodes:

BootROM 138.0.0.0.0 microcodes.png


5GT/s link speed with a AMD HD 7870 without R17 mod:

MP51_5GTs_HD7870.png


BIOS version:

The complete BIOS version for 138.0.0.0.0 is MP51.88Z.F000.B00.1807300628

NVMe support:

Apple did not add the NVMe EFI module with 138.0.0.0.0, but the injection method is the same as was done with High Sierra - no changes.

What I have to do to upgrade the firmware:

If your Mac Pro have a BootROM earlier than MP51.0089.B00, to upgrade to 138.0.0.0.0 you will have to do:


  • Download the full Mac App Store installer for 10.13.6, open it and then do as the installer says to upgrade to MP51.0089.B00. After the firmware upgrade reboot, you can close the installer app.

  • Download the full Mac App Store installer for Mojave, the most recent one, open it and then do as the installer says to upgrade to 138.0.0.0.0. After the firmware upgrade reboot, you can close the installer app.
 
Last edited:

MriX

macrumors member
Oct 23, 2017
72
11
Germany
Would also be interesting if we get Bootscreen/FileVault with this update, or if it's only for the flash process.
 

tsialex

macrumors 603
Original poster
Jun 13, 2016
6,477
7,109
Brazil
Would also be interesting if we get Bootscreen/FileVault with this update, or if it's only for the flash process.
I don't have FV2 on my Mac Pros and all my GPUs have EFI, so someone will have to test this.
 
  • Like
Reactions: GilBavel

bookemdano

macrumors 65816
Jul 29, 2011
1,218
703
Just realized I can't flash it until tomorrow or whenever PB6 comes out--I'm not in the developer program.

tsialex--is there any mention of anything cMP-specific in the release notes?
 

bookemdano

macrumors 65816
Jul 29, 2011
1,218
703
Also, probably wise for anyone flashing this to first dump their existing ROM using dosdude1's ROMDump tool, just in case. Given the totally different version number on this it may not be possible to flash back to the previous firmwares using official methods.
 

tsialex

macrumors 603
Original poster
Jun 13, 2016
6,477
7,109
Brazil
Also, probably wise for anyone flashing this to first dump their existing ROM using dosdude1's ROMDump tool, just in case. Given the totally different version number on this it may not be possible to flash back to the previous firmwares using official methods.
First thing I did when I saw the strange MP51.fd and the new firmware flasher.
 

crjackson2134

macrumors 601
Mar 6, 2013
4,654
1,756
Charlotte, NC
I assume/hope, the update through the Software Update Applet in preferences will allow me to update the OS without updating the firmware.

I'm holding off until someone successfully updates and still is able to use NVMe driver injection.
 
  • Like
Reactions: GilBavel
Status
The first post in this thread is a WikiPost, and can be edited by anyone with the appropriate permissions.